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Cultural Tourism is travel to experience the arts or history of a location or travel to immerse oneself in the language, society, or culture of a region.

This brings people into contact with each other and can foster understanding between people and cultures. This helps people to develop mutual sympathy and understanding and to reduce prejudices. The jobs created by tourism can act as a very important motivation to reduce emigration from rural areas.

However, this causes cultural and environmental destruction. Moreover, at times tribes do not survive infections that are got in to the area by the tourists.

Write an article on "The Two Sides of Tourism Industry".

Asked by Mubeen Shamsi(student) , on 19/6/10


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EXPERT ANSWER

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, a sample solution has been provided for your reference.

"The Two Sides of Tourism Industry"

Tourism is one of the most popular industries in India. However, every coin has two sides and both the sides hold importance while discussing its entity. On the outer level, tourism might seem beneficial for the people, the nature, the history and the nation’s name, fame and wealth as a whole. However, on further consideration it can be proved that it has its own share of disadvantages as well.

Firstly, on financial grounds, India depends a lot on the travel expenditures incurred by foreigners, as a source of taxation and as a source of income for the enterprises. Therefore, the development of tourism is often a strategy to encourage a particular region for the purpose of increasing commerce through exporting goods and services. It is popular in India because this industry does not require a lot of literacy and also it yields maximum profits with less investment.

It also provides direct employment for the people associated with occupations in bars and hotels. Thanks to it, the average standard of living of people increases well and at the same time unemployment is on the decrease.

However, tourists cause environmental damage through forest fires, destruction of sand dunes and pollution. This, in turn, discourages tourism as increased pollution disturbs local residents and also it may discourage tourists from further entering the country. The popularity in the industry also gets affected when people cause pollution through littering in the snow peaks of Himalayas as well as in the wide coastline which surrounds 1/3rd of the entire country.

Henceforth, tourism undermines culture by commercialising it and this is often connected with increasing litter, graffiti, vandalism and noise by tourists who do not always respect traditional cultures, which is sad but true.

Thus, it can be noticed that tourism has two sides- the profitable, promotional aspect as well as the disadvantageous horrifying affects on our nation.

Posted by Nishtha Kapil(MeritNation Expert)on 20/6/10

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