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Niladri Chowdhury from SAINIK SCHOOL, asked a question
Subject: Social Science , asked on 25/9/13

Describe horizontal and vertical power sharing in mordern democracies.

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Chaitanya From Ramprakash Rajrani Kothiwal, added an answer, on 25/9/13
100 helpful votes in Social Science

Horizontal division of power: It is the sharing of power among the different organs of government. The division of government into the executive, the legislature and the judiciary is an example of horizontal division of power. In such a power sharing  arrangement, different organs of government, placed at the same level, exercise different powers. This separation of powers ensures that no organ exercises unlimited power. Each organ checks the others, thereby putting in place a system of checks and balances. The division of power between the Council of Ministers headed by the Indian Prime Minister, the Parliament of India and the Indian Supreme Court is an example of this kind of power sharing. 

Vertical division of power: It is the sharing of power among governments at different levels — a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. For example, in India, the Constitution defines the way power is to be shared between the Central or Union government and the various State governments. There are certain matters on which only the Central government can take decisions, while there are others on which only an individual state government has an exclusive right for decision making.

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Srinjay Dan From New Era Senior Secondaray School Barodavadodara Baroda Gujarat, added an answer, on 12/5/12
30 helpful votes in Social Science

 (Horizontal Power sharing) - 1. Under the horizontal power sharing power is shared among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. 2. Under horizontal distribution of power, organs of the government are placed at the same level to exercise different powers. 3. Under horizontal each organ checks the other.

  (Vertical Power sharing) -1. Under the vertical sharing power, power is shared among the different levels of the governments. 2. The vertical division of power involves the highest and the lower levels of government. 3. Under vertical power sharing the lower organs work under the higher org.

 

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Nandini Rathore From St Thomas Girls Sr Sec School, added an answer, on 29/6/13
3 helpful votes in Social Science

lalalala lalalala lalalala lalalala lalalalala 

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Yashi , added an answer, on 29/3/13
2 helpful votes in Social Science

  Horizontal Power sharing)  - 1. Under the horizontal power sharing power is shared among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. 2. Under horizontal distribution of power, organs of the government are placed at the same level to exercise different powers. 3. Under horizontal each organ checks the other.

(Vertical Power sharing) -1. Under the vertical sharing power, power is shared among the different levels of the governments. 2. The vertical division of power involves the highest and the lower levels of government. 3. Under vertical power sharing the lower organs work under the higher org.

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Swar , added an answer, on 29/4/13
2 helpful votes in Social Science

 kutey kaminey

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Alina Thomas From Our Own English High School, added an answer, on 7/9/13
2 helpful votes in Social Science

Horizontal Power sharing) - 1. Under the horizontal power sharing power is shared among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. 2. Under horizontal distribution of power, organs of the government are placed at the same level to exercise different powers. 3. Under horizontal each organ checks the other.

(Vertical Power sharing) -1. Under the vertical sharing power, power is shared among the different levels of the governments. 2. The vertical division of power involves the highest and the lower levels of government. 3. Under vertical power sharing the lower organs work under the higher org.

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