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Deviplove Chauhan , asked a question
Subject: Chemistry , asked on 3/6/13

difference between sigma and pi bond

EXPERT ANSWER

Kirti Gogia , Meritnation Expert added an answer, on 4/6/13

Dear Student,

 

The differences between sigma and pi bonds are as follows:
 
Sigma bond
 
Pi bond
(i)
This bond is formed by lateral overlap of atomic orbitals.
(i)
This bond is formed by sideways overlap of atomic orbitals.
(ii)
This bond is formed by the overlap of ss,sp or pp orbitals.
(ii)
This bond is formed by the overlap of p orbitals. Sometimes d orbitals may also participate in pi bonding.
(iii)
This bond is stronger because of larger extent of overlapping.
(iii)
This bond is weaker because of lesser extent of overlapping.
(iv)
There can be free rotation of atoms around s bond.
(iv)
Free rotation of atoms around p bond is not possible.
(v)
This bond may be present alone or with a pi bond.
(v)
This bond is always present with a sigma bond.

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Aarshi , added an answer, on 4/6/13
17 helpful votes in Chemistry

sigma bond is single bond and pi bond is doule bond
sigma bond is formed by end to end overlapping of atomic orbitals whereas pi bonds are formed due to sideways overlapping  of the atomic orbitalsin a plane perpendicular to the line joining the nuclei of the atoms.
SIGMA BOND FORMATION

PI BOND FORMATION

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