Cytoplasm vs Protoplasm
All living things, whether plants or animals are composed of cells. These cells in turn are themselves a self contained unit meaning each cell is a living being. Cells are made up of a gel like substance called protoplasm which is the basic living material. Protoplasm is made up of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and sometimes sulfur and potassium. Only living beings have the capacity to make a new protoplasm or repair damaged one. Protoplasm is a gel like substance that is colorless and feels like a gel too. It contains a lot of water.
Protoplasm mainly consists of two parts, the nucleus, which is semi solid and located centrally. The other part is less viscous and softer. It is referred to as cytoplasm. All living things have different protoplasm. This means that protoplasm is not alike and there are millions of types of protoplasm. Despite such a great variance in their formation, they are made up of the same basic hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen. Protoplasm is the storehouse of energy and all energy that plants and animals have is a result of this energy stored in protoplasm. Scientists have yet not been able to decipher the cause behind life in protoplasm.
Protoplasm = Cytoplasm + Organelles
All cells have a cell membrane which is the outer most living layer of all cells. This is very thin and allows entry of carbon dioxide, water, food material and other substances. It helps in keeping out harmful substances. Cell membrane is also made up of protoplasm.