essay on 'nature 's fury and its impact on human beings '.
Those who survived the cloudburst and flood that ravaged Uttarakhand are limping back home with harrowing tales of spending four days without food and water, being forced to pay Rs.200 for a Rs.5 biscuit packet, and of a former Bihar minister who slept on a "layer of dead bodies". The hundreds and thousands returning to safety from the rain ravaged Kedar Valley and other parts of devastated Uttarakhand have stories to narrate of human insensitivity, as some locals are fleecing the trapped pilgrims and tourists in the wake of shortages of food supply, shelter, medicines and drinking water.
The rescued say those still trapped in far-flung areas are being sold water bottles at Rs.100 apiece and a biscuit packet that normally costs Rs.5 for Rs.200.
Jaipal, a resident of Kaithal in Haryana, told IANS that he was caught in a landslide on way back from Gangotri and had to spend four days without food and water. "We were locked in the bus...I guess the deaths are much higher than what is being claimed," he said minutes after landing at the Jolly Grant airport in Dehradun.
Former Bihar minister Ashvani Kumar Chaubey, who was trapped in Kedarnath with his entourage of family members and security men, told reporters on returning to Dehradun that he has never seen anything like this.
He said he slept on a "layer of dead bodies" and saw many protect their dead and refuse to leave the area without taking them. Some, he added, however, cremated their loved ones and proceeded to safety.
The magnitude of the misery caused by weekend torrential rains and flash floods is now becoming clear, with some officials fearing that the toll may be frighteningly high. Neha Mishra, resident of Yamuna Vihar in New Delhi, who lost her mother, grandmother and another relative in the tragedy at Kedarnath, said she was "saddened at the apathy and greed of the locals who are trying the best to make most of the tragedy".
Gujarat 's Ramesh Solanki said he was amazed to see how locals were fleecing them for essential items like food even as they waited for the army helicopters to come and take them to safety.
Nand Kishore from Rajasthan said he would not return to "this part of the world ever again".
"What I have seen in the last four-five days will never be forgotten. I am thankful to God that I am alive but I will never come back here," he said. Eyewitness accounts said more than two dozen people died on the way to Kedarnath due to cold, fatigue and hunger.
Army soldiers involved in the rescue operations briefed R. Meenakshi Sundaram, the state government official deputed to oversee the rescue.
Sundaram, who spent Thursday doing aerial surveys of the disaster struck areas, admitted that bodies were strewn all over the area and that the toll could be much higher.
The authorities also admitted that while many people are alive in the thickets between Soneprayag and Kedarnath, Jangal Chatti, Rambada, Garunchatti and Dhinurpaani, the fact that they are going without food and water could raise the number of deaths.
Chief Minister Vijay Bahuguna observed the fact that over 500 roads have been damaged and 200 bridges washed away makes the problem of rescue even bigger.
"Now rescue is solely by choppers, both of the air force and the 20 private choppers that we have hired. But they too have their limits," pointed out the chief minister who said with the relief camps and 'rain basera ' full, the biggest challenge now is to take people from here to plains where there is normalcy.
A senior official told IANS that they are now worried about the prospects of more rain coming to Uttarakhand in the next few days. The Met department has forecast inclement weather and more rains in the region from June 23. This, officials fear, would not only jeopardize the rescue operations but would also snap the last ray of hope for thousands still stranded.
Officials say more than 51,000 people are still stranded at various places while over 24,000 have been rescued to safety.
Some changes are anecdotal, but nonetheless real. In the Northeast, for example, we’ve seen some of the mildest winters in living memory, with spring thaws occuring months too early, eerie periods of balmy weather in mid winter, and erratic temperature shifts that have confused blossoming trees and plants, exacerbated tick infestations and put snow plow operators out of work.
In a few cases, cause and effect have a direct correlation. Research suggests that recent earthquakes in Ohio, for example, may be directly correlated with underground “fracking” exploration for natural gas. If you’re one of the many who think of natural gas as a clean, green alternative to other fuels, go down to your video store and rent “Gasland.” The costs of cheap natural gas may be borne by generations of Americans who won’t even get the benefit of using it.
As human beings accelerate or interrupt natural processes, nature is responding in kind. And chances are, we’ve only seen a hint of what’s to come.
A combination of large and small lifestyle adjustments can reduce household water usedramatically.
Stop Eating Meat – According to The Guardian, a meat-eating person anywhere in the world requires about 1,100 gallons of water a day to produce his food, compared with about 450 gallons a day for a vegetarian diet. That’s a 650 gallon difference per person. A typical family of four uses 400 gallons a day for both house and yard.
Cover Pools and Replace Lawns with Plants – About 30% of household water use happens outdoors. Swimming pool covers reduce water lost to evaporation by up to 80%. Pools can be topped off with collected rainwater, when it’s available, and drained (preferably for use as gray water) during the driest seasons. Convert lawns to native xeriscaping. Lawns are not only passé, they’re a monoculture, reliant on chemicals and (often) combustion engine for maintenance.
Upgrade Sprinkler Irrigation – Replace sprinkler systems with a drip system controlled by an electronic moisture sensor that only operates when necessary. It should also include a rain sensor that shuts off irrigation when it’s raining.
Replace Toilets – Replacing household toilets with 1.6 gpf models saves about 14,000 gallons of water per year for a family of four.
Upgrade Appliances – Upgrading an old clothes washer to a front-loading model typically reduces water use by about half, saving up to 8,000 gallons annually. Newer dishwashers offer similar dramatic improvement over old models.
Slow the Flow – Add aerators that restrict faucet waterflow to 1.0 gpm and save about 1,700 gallons annually for a typical household. Newer showerheads reduce flow to as little as 1.75 gpm without losing pressure.
Stop Leaks – Finally, check for leaks in hoses, toilets and anyplace else that may be quietly tapping your precious water resources.
When raising a house on stilts or large-scale renovation isn’t possible, you can still prepare for flooding in a way that mitigates damage.
The term “wet floodproofing” refers to the practice of prepping a home for inevitable flooding, rather than trying to keep it completely dry during the next flood. Louisiana State University (in a region with plenty of flood experience) suggests that this is a lower cost strategy, especially for a home that has been previously flooded and is being rehabbed. Note that a prerequisite for many of these measures would be to make sure the home is strongly secured to its foundation.
The LSU AG Center recommends:
1. Raise electrical outlets. Wiring and outlets are costly to replace. When walls are open, move the outlets above the expected flood line.
2. Consider interior walls that can be removed and dried—alternatives to gypsum such as wood wainscoting. Leave a gap for drainage at the bottom of the wall and cover it with a wide wooden baseboard. If you use drywall, put a wide chair rail horizontally on the wall that conceals a gap between the wallboard on the bottom half of the wall and the wallboard above it. That gap will prevent water from “wicking” upward.
3. For flooring (and also wall coverings) choose durable, stain resistant materials such as clay tile, patterned concrete, stone or brick. When installing these products, use a waterproof grout, such as a two-part epoxy product. On walls, you may want to install them over cement board, the way you would a tile shower.
4. Rigid, closed cell foam insulation is probably your best alternative for filling cavities that are within the likely flood zone. This type of insulation is less likely to develop mold and other problems.
Along with these structural ideas, elevate appliances, and, if possible, build an outbuilding with elevate storage where you can move electronics, appliances and valuables to w
"As of mid-January 2012, the 2011 confirmed tornado count stood at 1,625, with 93 tornado reports still pending for November and December. This places 2011 as the second or third most active year on record for number of tornadoes since the modern record began in 1950.” – NOAA
Rather than build an entire fortress that can withstand a tornado, most experts recommend construction of a “safe room” where you can wait out the maelstrom.
Unless you live in a concrete geometric dome with no windows, chances are your home isn’t ready to face down a tornado, with 250 mph winds, hurling deadly debris in its path. But FEMA and other organizations have worked out some good designs for safe rooms—small, ultra-sturdy spaces, relatively safe from the thrashing outside—even if the rest of the home is blown to smithereens. You’ll want to get detailed plans from FEMA, but here’s a primer on how they’re planned and built.
1. Start Early. If possible, build the safe room at the same time as the home. It will not only cost less overall, but can be designed with its own foundation—not attached to the walls of the home foundation. The idea: It should remain standing even if the house is destroyed.
2. Go Rogue. If the house is built over a crawlspace, not a full foundation/basement, the best option may be to build a separate shelter outside the home, rather than cutting a hole in the floor and excavating a foundation from inside the home.
3. Get Low. Shelters can be built indoors using wood framing with wall reinforcement of heavy plywood and even sheet steel. Good locations are toward the center of the home on the first floor, or better yet, below it, such as beneath a laundry room. The idea is keep the room isolated and out of the path of flying missiles.
4. Assess the Flood Risk. It may sound obvious, but a safe room is not waterproof. If there’s a flood risk accompanying potential tornadoes, the room will have to be built above grade, at considerably more cost than a basement shelter.eather the next deluge.
my name is khan and im not a terrorist :-p
Now you can discuss homework, collaborate on projects and solve questions together.