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Sandeep Sahu from KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA NO 1, asked a question
Subject: Social Science , asked on 28/2/12

explain 3 factors affecting the climate of india.


Reecha Upadhyay , Meritnation Expert added an answer, on 29/2/12

India has a monsoon type of climate and the factors are: 

* The differential heating and cooling of land and water creates low pressure on the landmass of India while the seas around experience comparatively high pressure. 

* The shift of the position of Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) in summer, over the Ganga plain (this is the equatorial trough normally positioned about 5°N of the equator – also known as the monsoon- trough during the monsoon season). 

* The presence of the high-pressure area, east of Madagascar, approximately at 20°S over the Indian Ocean. The intensity and position of this high-pressure area affects the Indian Monsoon.

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