Vanda Miss Joaquim was chosen as Singapore 's national flower in 1981. The designation of a national flower was part of an overall effort to foster national pride and identity.
Singapore has the unique distinction of being the only nation to have a hybrid as its national flower.
The choice of an orchid as Singapore 's national flower is most appropriate because orchids have long been identified with Singapore.
And no orchid is more worthy of being Singapore 's national flower than Vanda Miss Joaquim as it is the first registered plant hybrid from Singapore.
The flag of Singapore consists of two equal horizontal sections, red above white. In the upper left canton is the white crescent moon beside five stars in a circle. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two to three.
Red symbolises universal brotherhood and equality of man. White signifies pervading and everlasting purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation on the ascendant, illuminated by the five ideals as symbolised by the five stars. The five stars represent the ideals of Singapore - democracy, peace, progress, equality and justice.
Singapore 's national anthem, Majulah Singapura, was composed in Malay by Zubir Said in 1958. Besides the original Malay lyrics, there are translations of the Singapore national anthem in the other three official languages; English, Chinese and Tamil.
DURIAN - NATIONAL FRUIT
Durian — a thorn-covered fruit with a distinct odor
The lion head symbol MERLION was introduced in 1986 as an alternative national symbol of Singapore. The lion head was chosen as a logo, as it best captures the characteristics of Singapore 's reputation as a Lion City. It is used in less formal occasions mainly to promote Singapore 's national identity.
According to the Singapore government:
|“ ||The lion head symbolises courage, strength and excellence, as well as resilience in the face of challenges. It is in solid red against a white background - the colours of the national flag. Its mane 's five partings represent the same five ideals that are embodied in the five stars of the national flag, namely democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. Its tenacious mane symbolises the nation 's single-minded resolve to rise to any challenges and overcome any obstacles. |
The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. With some males exceeding 250 kg (550 lb) in weight it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger.
The Crimson Sunbird (Aethopyga siparaja) is a species of bird in the sunbird family which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed most of the time.