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Batman Lantern from THE ELITE ENGLISH SCHOOL , asked a question
Subject: Social Science , asked on 24/11/13

Find out more about nationalist symbols in countries outside Europe. For one or two countries,
collect examples of pictures, posters or music that are symbols of nationalism. How are these different from European examples?

please can anyone tell me what to write in this project?


Sushrita Das ,Meritnation Expert added an answer
Answered on 24/11/13

This is an activity based question and so we will suggest you to attempt the question on your own.

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Robin , added an answer
Answered on 30/9/12

The Republic of India has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. All the symbols were picked up at various times. The design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly just before independence, on July 22, 1947. [1] There are also several other symbols including the national animal, bird, flower and tree. [2]


National symbols

Title Symbol Image Notes
National flag Flag of India
(Indian Tricolour)
Flag of India.svg A horizontal tricolour of saffron at the top, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. In the centre is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra.
National emblem National Emblem of India
(Lion Capital of Asoka)
Emblem of India.svg It was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic. The Emblem also consists the motto of India - "Satyameva Jayate" in Devnagari Script, which means "Truth Alone Triumphs".
National calendar Indian national calendar
(Saka calendar)
  The calendar was introduced by the Calendar Reform Committee in 1957, as part of the Indian Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac, which also contained other astronomical data, as well as timings and formulae for preparing Hindu religious calendars, in an attempt to harmonise this practice. Despite this effort, local variations based on older sources such as the Surya Siddhanta may still exist.

Usage officially started at Chaitra 1, 1879 Saka Era, or March 22, 1957.

National anthem "Jana Gana Mana"
by Rabindranath Tagore
Janaganamana-score.png "Jana Gana Mana" was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on January 24, 1950.
National song Vande Mataram
by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
  The first political occasion where "Vande Mataram" was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
National flower Indian lotus
(Nelumbo nucifera)
Nelumno nucifera open flower - botanic garden adelaide2.jpg Lotus is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture.
National fruit Mangifera indica
The Botanical Magazine. Mango.jpg In India, there are over 100 varieties of mangoes, in different sizes, shapes and colours. Mangoes have been cultivated in India from time immemorial. The poet Kalidasa sang its praises. Alexander savoured its taste, as did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang. Mughal emperor Akbar planted 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, Bihar at a place now known as Lakhi Bagh.
National river Ganga Sunset on the Ganga river, Allahabad.jpg Ganga is the longest river of India with the most heavily populated river basin in the world. The river is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth.
National tree Indian Banyan or Indian fig tree
(Ficus bengalensis)
Banyan botanical c1800-1830.jpg The branches of Indian Banyan tree root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.
National animal Royal Bengal Tiger
(Panthera tigris)
Panthera tigris tigris.jpg The Bengal tiger can be found throughout the country except in the north-western region.
National aquatic animal Gangetic Dolphin
(Platanista gangetica)
GangeticDolphin.jpg Gangatic Dolphin is said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga as it can only survive in pure and fresh water.
National bird Indian Peacock
(Pavo cristatus)
Peacock with outspread plumes.JPG The peacock is designated as the national bird of India.


Title Symbol Image Notes
National game Field hockey Indian-Hockey-Team-Berlin-1936.jpg The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports of India clarified that, officially, the country does not have a national game; no game, including hockey, has been notified as such. However, many sources, including the Indian government 's official portal, mention hockey as a "National Game". India has won eight Olympic gold medals for hockey. Indian hockey 's golden period was from 1928–56, when the Indian hockey team won six successive Olympic gold medals.
Robin , added an answer
Answered on 30/9/12

Vanda Miss Joaquim was chosen as Singapore 's national flower in 1981. The designation of a national flower was part of an overall effort to foster national pride and identity.

Singapore has the unique distinction of being the only nation to have a hybrid as its national flower.

The choice of an orchid as Singapore 's national flower is most appropriate because orchids have long been identified with Singapore.

And no orchid is more worthy of being Singapore 's national flower than Vanda Miss Joaquim as it is the first registered plant hybrid from Singapore.

The flag of Singapore consists of two equal horizontal sections, red above white. In the upper left canton is the white crescent moon beside five stars in a circle. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two to three.

Red symbolises universal brotherhood and equality of man. White signifies pervading and everlasting purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation on the ascendant, illuminated by the five ideals as symbolised by the five stars. The five stars represent the ideals of Singapore - democracy, peace, progress, equality and justice.

Singapore 's national anthem, Majulah Singapura, was composed in Malay by Zubir Said in 1958. Besides the original Malay lyrics, there are translations of the Singapore national anthem in the other three official languages; English, Chinese and Tamil.


Durian — a thorn-covered fruit with a distinct odor

The lion head symbol MERLION was introduced in 1986 as an alternative national symbol of Singapore. The lion head was chosen as a logo, as it best captures the characteristics of Singapore 's reputation as a Lion City. It is used in less formal occasions mainly to promote Singapore 's national identity.

According to the Singapore government:

The lion head symbolises courage, strength and excellence, as well as resilience in the face of challenges. It is in solid red against a white background - the colours of the national flag. Its mane 's five partings represent the same five ideals that are embodied in the five stars of the national flag, namely democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. Its tenacious mane symbolises the nation 's single-minded resolve to rise to any challenges and overcome any obstacles.

The Asiatic Lion.jpg

The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. With some males exceeding 250 kg (550 lb) in weight it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger.

The Crimson Sunbird (Aethopyga siparaja) is a species of bird in the sunbird family which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed most of the time.

Aethopyga siparaja1.jpg   NATIONAL BIRD



Robin , added an answer
Answered on 30/9/12



Anakha Madhusudhanan , From Bharathi Vidyalaya Senior Secondary School , added an answer
Answered on 14/10/12

thnkyu...... this helpd me a lot!!!!!!

roxt4... , added an answer
Answered on 29/10/12

 This information is nyc , but can anyone give answer of the second part of thes question ..

Find out more about nationalist symbols in countries outside Europe. For one or two countries,  
collect examples of pictures, posters or music that are symbols of nationalism. How are these   different from European examples? -- 

Shivadev J Menon , From Vidyodaya School , added an answer
Answered on 10/11/12

 thank u

Gudiya , From Chavra Vidyapeeth , added an answer
Answered on 17/6/13

thnx fr helping me...!!

Batman Lantern , From The Elite English School , added an answer
Answered on 24/11/13

Find out more about nationalist symbols in countries outside Europe. For one or two countries,collect examples of pictures, posters or music that are symbols of nationalism. How are thesedifferent from European examples?