The Indian government has established 17 Biosphere Reserves of India, (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.
Seven of the sixteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list  .
The above two along with Manas Biosphere Reserve are among the 22 new sites recently added by UNESCO to its World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Their inclusion raises the number of Indian sites on the World list to seven, from a total of 15 Biosphere Reserves across the subcontinent. In 2009, India designated Cold Desert of Himachal Pradesh as a Biosphere Reserve. And on September 20th, 2010, Ministry of Environment and Forests designated Seshachalam Hills as another Biosphere Reserve taking the count to number of such designated areas to 17. Now, India has 17 Biosphere reserves. 
Following is the list of potential sites for Biosphere Reserves as selected by Ministry of Forests and Environment:-
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NILGIRI BIOSPHERE RESERVE
SUNDARBAN NATIONAL PARK
Biosphere Reserves are large areas for conservation of biodiversity, which include both wildlife and plants.The main biosphere reserves of India are:
(i) Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
(ii) Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
(iii) Sundarbans national park
(iv) Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
(v) Nokrek Biosphere Reserve
(vi) Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
(vii) Simlipal Biosphere Reserve
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