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Past political setup in Belgium and Sri Lanka

Asked by Akshay Kumar(student) , on 11/6/14

Answers

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The Belgian Model of Governance The French and Dutch-speaking ministers are in the central government. Some special laws require the support of majority of members from each linguistic group. Many powers of the central government have been given to state governments of the two regions of the country. Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities (French and Dutch) have equal representation. A community government exists. It is elected by people belonging to one language community. This government engages with the cultural, educational and language-related issues. This kind of governance has prevented a civil strife between the two different linguistic communities.

Posted by Rudraksh Dixit(parent)on 20/5/14

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Belgium

SriLanka

1.They adopted a policy of power sharing.

2. They gave equal powers to all communities.. minor or major doesnt matter.

3.It solved the problem.

1.They adopted a policy of Majoritarionism.

2. They gave preferences to the majority Sinhala group alone, disregarding the minorty.

3. It only increased the problem.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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Belgium

SriLanka

1.They adopted a policy of power sharing.

2. They gave equal powers to all communities.. minor or major doesnt matter.

3.It solved the problem.

1.They adopted a policy of Majoritarionism.

2. They gave preferences to the majority Sinhala group alone, disregarding the minorty.

3. It only increased the problem.

hope this helps

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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Belgium and Sri Lanka are democratic countries having diverse social setups. Yet, both took completely different approaches when it came to sharing of power.

Belgium accommodated the interests of its two main ethnic groups i.e., Dutch and French by formulating a power-sharing arrangement that gave both an equal opportunity in the working of the government. The Belgians realized that the only way of securing the countrys political stability and unity was by giving both the communities an equal representation in the government. In this manner, feelings of resentment towards the other community were not allowed to flourish in Belgium. The power-sharing arrangement in Belgium, although complex, has been running smoothly over the years.Sri Lanka, on the other hand, took a different stand with respect to power sharing. The government in Sri Lanka was completely dominated by the majority Sinhala-speaking population, thereby ignoring the Tamil people. Power was concentrated in the hands of only one community, thereby undermining the interests of the others. This approach proved catastrophic for the unity of Sri Lanka. Over the years, Sri Lanka has been riddled with civil wars and political instability. Refusal to share power has resulted in the weakening of the country.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF BELGIUM IS SO INNOVATIVE . IT SHARES POWER AMONG DIFFERENT SECTORS OF THE SOCIETY EQUALLY THUS REDUCING THE POSSIBILITY OF SOCIAL CONFLICT. BUT IN SRI LANKA (FOR EX.) THE SINHALEESE ONLY HAVE THE POWER AND DUE TO THIS SOCIAL CONFLICTS AROSE IN THAT COUNTRY AND POLITICAL INSTABILITY OCCURED.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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 Power Sharing in Sri Lanka

 Sri Lanka has a diverse population with 74% Sinhala speakers and 18% Tamil speakers. Among Tamils, 13% are called Sri Lankan Tamils and the rest Indian Tamils. Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhist, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims. There are about 7 % Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala. Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. In 1956, Sinhala was recognised as the only official language of Sri Lanka; thus, disregarding Tamil. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism. A feeling of alienation was seen among the Sri Lankan Tamils.

 The Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs. This was denied by the Sinhala dominated government. By 1980s, several political organizations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. These differences in the two different communities pushed Sri Lanka into the state of civil war. In Sri Lanka, the idea of majoritarianism crumbled the country in a civil war.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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Politics of Belgiumtakes place in a framework of afederal,parliamentary,representative democratic,constitutional monarchy, whereby theKing of the Belgiansis the Head of State and thePrime Minister of Belgiumis thehead of governmentin amulti-party system.Executive poweris exercised by the government. Federallegislative poweris vested in both thegovernmentand the two chambers of parliament, theSenateand theChamber of Representatives. Thefederationis made up of(cultural/political) communities and (territorial) regions.

Belgium 's political institutions are complex; most political power is organised around the need to represent the main cultural (and political) communities. Since around 1970, the significant national Belgianpolitical partieshave split into distinct representations for each communities ' interests besides defenders of their ideologies. These parties belong to three main political families, though close to thecentre: theright-wingLiberals, thesocial conservativeChristian Democrats, andSocialistsforming theleft-wing. Other important newer parties are theGreen partiesand, nowadays mainly in Flanders, thenationalistandfar-rightparties. Politics is influenced by lobby groups, such astrade unionsandemployers ' organizationssuch as theFederation of Belgian Enterprises. Majority rule is often superseded by a de facto confederal decision making process where the minority (the French-speakers) enjoy important protections through specialty majorities (2/3 overall and majority in each of the 2 main communities).

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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belgium:

1)they recoganised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities.

2) their constitution prescribes that the number of french speaking and dutch speaking ministers should be equal in central govt.

3) state govt are not the subordinate to the central govt.

4) brussel have a seperate govt which have both communities reperesentation equally.

5) other than state and central govt they made new form of govt called community govt. this govt have powers regarding cultural, educational, and language related isssues.

srilanka::

1)they adopted majoritarianism policy. in which the majority govt are more benefited.

2) they declared sinhala as the official language disregarding tamilians.

3) this created distrust between the two groups.

4) thus, there emerged the CIVIL WAR.

5) even today in srilanka there are problems in the power sharing.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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BELGIUM:

  1. they recoganised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities.
  2. their constitution prescribes that the number of french speaking and dutch speaking ministers should be equal in central govt.
  3. state govt are not the subordinate to the central govt.
  4. brussel have a seperate govt which have both communities reperesentation equally.
  5. other than state and central govt they made new form of govt called community govt. this govt have powers regarding cultural, educational, and language related isssues.

SRILANKA:

  1. They adopted majoritarianism policy. in which the majority govt are more benefited.
  2. they declared sinhala as the official language disregarding tamilians.
  3. this created distrust between the two groups.
  4. thus, there emerged the CIVIL WAR.
  5. even today in srilanka there are problems in the power sharing

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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Answer:

Power sharing in Sri Lanka -

  1. The majority Sinhala speaking community tend to have more political and social powers, while the minority Tamil speaking community tend to be suppressed.
  2. The Sinhala speakers are entitled to special priveledges in getting university positions and government jobs.
  3. Sinhala is declared as the only official language of Sri Lanka, showing the majoritarian power of the Sinhala speakers.

Power sharing in Belgium -

  1. Political and social powers are equally divided between the French and the Dutch.
  2. There are equal number of French and Dutch representatives in the state assembly and national assembly.
  3. No laws are passed in Belgium unless approved by representatives both the French and Dutch communities.

Hope this helps!!

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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In Sri Lanka and Belgium, there were ethnic conflicts for power on basis of the language. The group being numerically larger were in conflict with the groups lesser in number.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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Both Belgium and Sri Lanka were bothered by the issue of power sharing. However, Belgium worked out an accomodation principle as compared to Sri Lanka which switched to majoritarianism.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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Power sharing took place in different ways in Belgium and Sri Lanka. Belgium opted for a conciliatory mode of power sharing through respect and representation for different communities and regions. On the other hand, Sri Lanka adopted a confrontational approach where the majority community exerted its dominance over others and refused to share power. The first approach led to stronger unity while the later approach undermined the unity of the country and brought untold catastrophe.

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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thumps up to all my answers plssss

Posted by Trisha(student)on 10/6/14

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