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what do you mean by disaster management?

Asked by Dimple Sanap(student) , on 28/10/12

EXPERT ANSWER

Disaster management is a systematic plan of action designed for immediate implementation at the time of disasters or emergency situations. It encompasses a wide range of activities such as emergency response, relief and recovery, preparedness, rehabilitation etc.

Posted by Sushrita Das(MeritNation Expert)on 30/10/12

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More Answers

 hi

Disaster Management

DisasterMgmt.org provides detailed information on  type of disasters,  how to prepare for disasters, and  how to respond to disasters.

Disasters whether natural or man-made can strike at any time. In general, the general response to a disaster is in terms of  relief and rescue  operations - after the event. However, if we are adequately prepared, its possible to severely reduce the impact of a disaster. The impact can be reduced through a good understanding of  preventive actions, as well as having the knowledge of certain life-saving tools and techniques, which when used at the time of the event of disaster can control the total damage to life and belongings.

The biggest problem with the disasters is the suddenness and swiftness with which they arrive. Hence, in order to reduce the severity of a disaster the response also has to equally swift.

Lets first understand, what is a disaster. Dictionary meaning of "disaster" may be taken as: "a sudden accident or natural event that causes great damage or loss of life" - Oxford Dictionary. So, as can be seen, disaster by definition itself is "sudden" and causes immense damage to property and/or life.

Almost all of us can think of several disasters that have occurred in the recent past.Earthquakes, industrial accidents, oil-spills,  forest-fires,  terrorist activities  etc. are some of the more commonly encountered disasters.

Disasters themselves are not limited to specific parts of world, though, certain areas might be more prone to certain specific type of disaster, e.g. area around Pacific rim is more prone to earthquakes, some countries are more prone to terrorist activities, some coastal areas are more prone to cyclones, and, some areas are more prone to floods. However, the more advanced a nation is, typically, their level of preparedness is higher. This higher level of preparedness allows them to have a better control over the loss.

There are certain types of disasters, where, the loss during the actual event is not necessarily as high, but, the losses become very high due to inability to manage the situation in a timely manner. More often than not, it happens due to confusion and chaos in the context of too much loss, and, inefficient utilization of resources - which are already strained.

Another thing which causes a lot of loss during certain kind of disasters is the inability to properly manage and secure the utilities, like: electricity, gas, water etc. On one side, each of these utilities are very important, and, on the other side, due to leakages/ruptures, some of these might come in contact with each other, when they should not - causing further damage.

Thus, the main motivation behind disaster management is to minimize the losses at the time of a disaster as well as ensure most efficient utilization of resources - which are already scarce.

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Posted by Geet The Unsee...(student)on 13/6/11

  Planned  steps  taken to minimize the  effects  of a  disaster

 Disaster management is a planned approach for prevention of disaster, preparedness and response to disaster and recovery following disaster.

CHEERS!!!!!

Posted by Trunaya(student)on 13/6/11

 A disaster is a natural or man made ( or technological ) hazard resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant phsical damage or a destruction  , loss of life , or drastic change to the environment . A disaster can be ostensively defined as any tragic event stemming from event such as earthqakes , floods , castastrophic accidents , fire , property and destroy the economic , social and culture life of people . 

In contemporary academia , disaster are seen as the consequence of inappropriately managed risk . These risk are the product of combination of both hazards and vulnerbility . Hazards that strike in areas with low vulnerbility will never become disasters , as is the case in  uninhabited regions.

com  a com

Posted by Nidhi Meena(student)on 28/6/12

Disaster Management
DisasterMgmt.org provides detailed information on type of disasters, how to prepare for disasters, and how to respond to disasters.
Disasters whether natural or man-made can strike at any time. In general, the general response to a disaster is in terms of relief and rescue operations - after the event. However, if we are adequately prepared, its possible to severely reduce the impact of a disaster. The impact can be reduced through a good understanding of preventive actions, as well as having the knowledge of certain life-saving tools and techniques, which when used at the time of the event of disaster can control the total damage to life and belongings.
The biggest problem with the disasters is the suddenness and swiftness with which they arrive. Hence, in order to reduce the severity of a disaster the response also has to equally swift.
Lets first understand, what is a disaster. Dictionary meaning of "disaster" may be taken as: "a sudden accident or natural event that causes great damage or loss of life" - Oxford Dictionary. So, as can be seen, disaster by definition itself is "sudden" and causes immense damage to property and/or life.
Almost all of us can think of several disasters that have occurred in the recent past.Earthquakes, industrial accidents, oil-spills, forest-fires, terrorist activities etc. are some of the more commonly encountered disasters.
Disasters themselves are not limited to specific parts of world, though, certain areas might be more prone to certain specific type of disaster, e.g. area around Pacific rim is more prone to earthquakes, some countries are more prone to terrorist activities, some coastal areas are more prone to cyclones, and, some areas are more prone to floods. However, the more advanced a nation is, typically, their level of preparedness is higher. This higher level of preparedness allows them to have a better control over the loss.
There are certain types of disasters, where, the loss during the actual event is not necessarily as high, but, the losses become very high due to inability to manage the situation in a timely manner. More often than not, it happens due to confusion and chaos in the context of too much loss, and, inefficient utilization of resources - which are already strained.
Another thing which causes a lot of loss during certain kind of disasters is the inability to properly manage and secure the utilities, like: electricity, gas, water etc. On one side, each of these utilities are very important, and, on the other side, due to leakages/ruptures, some of these might come in contact with each other, when they should not - causing further damage.
Thus, the main motivation behind disaster management is to minimize the losses at the time of a disaster as well as ensure most efficient utilization of resources - which are already scarce.

Posted by Nitish Kalher(student)on 13/10/12

‘Disaster management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies. '
You could also refer to this site for further info. 
http://www.wcpt.org/node/36987

Posted by Afreen Vazeer(student)on 14/10/12

Disaster management is a systematic plan of action designed for immediate implementation at the time of disasters or emergency situations. It encompasses a wide range of activities such as emergency response, relief and recovery, preparedness, rehabilitation etc.

Posted by Ishan Goyal(student)on 14/10/12

Syn: disaster relief. The organized efforts of society to cope with disasters, usually administered by a national or regional agency: by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in the United States and comparable agencies in other countries. Disaster management is a collaborative effort by medical, public health, law enforcement, defense, public administration, and communication sectors of society. Major disasters, such as massive earthquakes, large hurricanes, famines, and the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, require international aid, provided by UN agencies, nongovernmental organization, and voluntary groups. First aid, triage, emergency shelter, provision of food and potable water, vector control, public health services including vaccinations, and reuniting family members are among the high-priority activities in disaster management. Details on management are available at several Web sites, including  http://www.fema.gov/  and  http://www.unhabitat.org/programmes/rdmu/ . Some varieties of natural disasters and many manmade disasters are theoretically preventable.

Posted by B Kishan(student)on 28/10/12

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