what do you mean by transitive , intransitive , incomplete verb
a transitive verb is a verb that requires both a direct subject and one or more objects. The term is used to contrast intransitive verbs, which do not have objects
An intransitive verb does not take an object. In more technical terms, an intransitive verb has only one argument (its subject), and hence has a valency of one. For example, in English, the verbs sleep and die, are intransitive.
The verbs, which require help of any other word(s) are called 'Incomplete Verbs
An intransitive verb has two characteristics. First, it is an action verb, expressing a doable activity like arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, die, etc. Second, unlike a transitive verb, it will not have a direct object receiving the action.
Incomplete verbs الأَفْعَاْلُ النَّاْقِصَةُ ( or الأَفْعَاْلُ النَّاْسِخَةُ = canceling verbs) are verbs which give incomplete meanings if they were expressed alone.
when a action passes the veb it is transtative.
when action does not passes the verb then it is called intranstative.
incomplete verb give incomplete meaning
The word ‘transitive’ means ‘passing over to something else’ or ‘affecting something else’, while the word ‘intransitive’ means ‘not passing over to something else’.
When a verb is used transitively (i.e., in the transitive manner), the verb requires a direct object, (i.e., the noun or pronoun that receives the action, and answers the questions ‘what?’ or ‘whom?’). In this case, the action is passed on from the doer or subject to the receiver of the action or the direct object.
When a verb is used intransitively (i.e., in the intransitive manner), the verb is not followed by an object. The action stays with the subject. It is not passed on to any object.
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