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Who was Simon (Simon commision). why were indian people disapproved Simon Commision? Why did production wootz steel declined. What was addded in it which made it so sharp and flowing?

Asked by Shaurya(student) , on 23/1/13

Answers

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By 1927, communalism in india threatened to undo any cooperation between Hindu and Muslim. The British however, were soon to take action which restored that cooperation.

TheGovernment of India Act 1919had introduced the system of [o[diarchy]] to govern the provinces ofBritish India. However, the Indian public clamoured for revision of the difficult diarchy form of government, and the Government of India Act 1919 itself stated that a commission would be appointed after 10 years to investigate the progress of the governance scheme and suggest new steps for reform. In the late 1920s, theConservativegovernment then in power in Britain feared imminent electoral defeat at the hands of theLabour Party, and also feared the effects of the consequent transference of control of India to such an "inexperienced" body. Hence, it appointed seven MPs (including Chairman Simon) to constitute the commission that had been promised in 1919 that would look into the state of Indian constitutional affairs. The people of the Indian subcontinent were outraged and insulted, as the Simon Commission, which was to determine the future of India, did not include a single Indian member in it. TheIndian National Congress, at its December 1927 meeting inMadras(nowChennai), resolved to boycott the Commission and challengedLord Birkenhead, theSecretary of State for India, to draft a constitution that would be acceptable to the Indian populace. A faction of theMuslim League, led byMohammed Ali Jinnah, also decided to boycott the Commission.

Posted by Deepak Jangra(student)on 23/1/13

EXPERT ANSWER

The Simon Commission was appointed by Tory government in Britain and it it was headed by Sir John Simon.The revision of the Act of 1919 was necessary as it would decide the fate of further law making for India. It was with this concern that the Commission was appointed.

  • Along with this you may also refer to the following link:
  • http://www.meritnation.com/discuss/question/1574113/1/why-was-the-simon-commission-rejected-by-the-indians

Posted by Sushrita Das(MeritNation Expert)on 24/1/13

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