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why is pyridine used as a catalyst in the prepn of haloalkanes from alcohols by action of thionyl chloride?

Asked by Devansh Mathur(student) , on 23/3/13

EXPERT ANSWER

Dear student,

The reaction of thionyl chloride with alcohol in presence / absence of pyridine is called as Darzen's reaction.

Here, the pyridine molecule acts as a catalyst which is used to neutralize the HCl -produced in the reaction.

CH3CH2OH + SOCl2  --(pyridine)-→  CH3CH2Cl + SO2 ↑+ HCl ↑

Here, pyridine acts as neucleophiles because, in the reaction a proton is added to the alcoholic oxygen due to the strong electronegative SOCl2 group,and this proton is removed by the pyridine and   reforms the S=O and also the Cl- ion is removed from SOCl2 .

This  Cl- ion reacts with electrophilic carbon of alcohol and displaces SO2 and releases another Cl- ion which makes the alkyl chloride.

Posted by Shubhangini Kumari(MeritNation Expert)on 25/3/13

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 because pyridine helps in creating nucleophile and the reaction of prepn of haloalkanes froms alcohols in nucleophilic substitution reaction.

Posted by Shweta(student)on 23/3/13

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