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Aiswarya R from KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA, asked a question
Subject: Science , asked on 3/9/12

Write a short note on project tiger

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Vishita From Op Jindal School, added an answer, on 5/9/12
107 helpful votes in Science

It has been estimated that in the beginning of this century the population of Royal Bengal Tigers in our country was close to 40,000 and this came down to a mere 2,500 by the year 1982. Considering the alarming decline of the number of tigers the Indian board of wildlife initiated a project to save the tigers from extinction. This was named project tiger and several tiger reserves have been established. In 1973 there were 9 tiger reserves in the country occupying a total area of 13,017 Sq. Kms. Presently there are 17 tiger reserves which not only provide sanctuary to tigers but also protect several endangered species of plants and animals.

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Smita Saxena From R.d. Public School Betul, added an answer, on 3/9/12
48 helpful votes in Science

Project Tiger was launched by the Indian Government in 1973-74. The aim of the project was to control as well as supplement the dwindling population of the Royal Bengal tigers in the country. Under the Project Tiger of India, specially constituted tiger reserves are being set up, which are sought to be replicas of the various bio-geographical regions of the country. The core areas of the reserves are made free of any human settlement, while the buffer areas are dedicated to 'conservation oriented ' land use.

In the beginning of the 1970s, once tiger hunting had officially been banned in India, a tiger count was done across the entire country. This lead to the astonishing discovery that only 1800 specimens of this magnificent animal were left. This jolted the concerned authorities and some serious thought went into devising plans to save the tiger. The result was the launch of "Project Tiger" in 1972 at the Dhikala Forest Rest House in Corbett National Park. The main idea behind the project was to provide safe havens for tigers where they could flourish as a species and hopefully reverse the startling decline in their population.




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Akanksha Chauhan From Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 1 , added an answer, on 3/9/12
1092 helpful votes in Science

Project Tiger was launched in 1973 in India. The project aims at ensuring a viable population oftigers in their natural habitats and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage for the people. The selection of areas for the reserves represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the tiger 's distribution in the country. The project 's task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would emigrate to adjacent forests. Funds and commitment were mustered to support the intensive program of habitat protection and rehabilitation under the project. [1]  The government has set-up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers, and funded the relocation of up to 200,000 villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.

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Rubi Singh , added an answer, on 4/9/12
47 helpful votes in Science

Project Tiger was launched in 1973 in India. The project aims at ensuring a viable population of tigers in their natural habitats and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage for the people. The selection of areas for the reserves represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the tiger 's distribution in the country. The project 's task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would emigrate to adjacent forests. Funds and commitment were mustered to support the intensive program of habitat protection and rehabilitation under the project. [1]  The government has set-up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers, and funded the relocation of up to 200,000 villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.

During the tiger census of 2008, a new methodology was used extrapolating site-specific densities of tigers, their co-predators and prey derived from camera trap and sign surveys using GIS. Based on the result of these surveys, the total tiger population has been estimated at 1,411 individuals ranging from 1,165 to 1,657 adult and sub-adult tigers of more than 1.5 years of age. [2]

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