(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) There is no choice in any of the questions.
(iv) All questions of Section−A and all questions of Section−B are to be attempted separately.
(v) Question numbers 1 to 3 in Section−A are one mark questions. These are to be answered in one word or one sentence.
(vi) Question numbers 4 to 6 Section−A are two marks questions. These are to be answered in about 30 words each.
(vii) Question numbers 7 to 18 in Section−A are three marks questions. There are to be answered in about 50 words each.
(viii) Question numbers 19 to 24 in Section−A are five marks questions. These are to be answered in about 70 words each.
(ix) Question numbers 25 to 33 in Section−B are multiple choice questions based on practical skills. Each question is a one mark question. You are to select one most appropriate response out of the four provided to you
(x) Question numbers 34 to 36 in Section B are two marks questions based on practical skills. These are to be answered in brief.
- Q1VIEW SOLUTION
- Q2VIEW SOLUTION
- Q3VIEW SOLUTION
- Q4VIEW SOLUTION
- Q5VIEW SOLUTION
- Q6VIEW SOLUTION
Write the name and structural formula of the compound obtained when ethanol is heated at 443 K with excess of conc. H2SO4. Also write chemical equation for the reaction stating the role of conc. H2SO4 in it.VIEW SOLUTION
- Q8VIEW SOLUTION
From the following elements :4Be; 9F; 19K; 20Ca
(i) Select the element having one electron in the outermost shell.(ii) two elements of the same group.
Write the formula of and mention the nature of the compound formed by the union of 19K and element X(2, 8, 7).VIEW SOLUTION
Write the number of periods the Modern Periodic Table has. State the changes in valency and metallic character of elements as we move from left to right in a period. Also state the changes, if any, in the valency and atomic size of elements as we move down a group.VIEW SOLUTION
- Q11VIEW SOLUTION
(a) Name the following :(i) Thread like non-reproductive structures present in Rhizopus.
(ii) 'Blobs' that develop at the tips of the non-reproductive threads in Rhizopus.
(b) Explain how these structures protect themselves and what is the function of the structures released from the 'blobs' in Rhizopus.VIEW SOLUTION
- Q13VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Planaria, insects, octopus and vertebrates all have eyes. Can we group eyes of these animals together to establish a common evolutionary origin? Justify your answer.
(ii) "Birds have evolved from reptiles" State evidence to prove the statement.VIEW SOLUTION
- Q15VIEW SOLUTION
To construct ray diagrams, two rays of light are generally so chosen that it is easy to determine their directions after reflection from a mirror. Choose two such rays and state the path/direction of these rays after reflection from a concave mirror. Use these two rays to find the position and nature of the image of an object placed at a distance of 8 cm from a concave mirror of focal length 12 cm.VIEW SOLUTION
- Q17VIEW SOLUTION
After the examinations Rakesh with his friends went on a picnic to a nearby park. All friends carried cooked food packed in plastic bags or plastic cans. After eating the food some friends collected the leftover food and plastic bags etc and planned to dispose them off by burning. Rakesh immediately checked them and suggested to segregate the leftover food and peels of fruits from the plastic materials and respectively dispose them off separately in the green and red dustbins placed in the corner of the park.
(a) In your opinion, is burning plastic an eco-friendly method of waste disposal? Why? State the advantage of method suggested by Rakesh.
(b) How can we contribute in maintaining the parks and roads neat and clean?VIEW SOLUTION
"A convex lens can form a magnified erect as well as magnified inverted image of an object placed in front of it." Draw ray diagram to justify this statement stating the position of the object with respect to the lens in each case.VIEW SOLUTION
An object of height 4 cm is placed at a distance of 20 cm from a concave lens of focal length 10 cm. Use lens formula to determine the position of the image formed.
A student is unable to see clearly the words written on the blackboard placed at a distance of approximately 4 m from him. Name the defect of vision the boy is suffering from. Explain the method of correcting this defect. Draw ray diagram for the:
(i) defect of vision and also
(ii) for its correction.VIEW SOLUTION
- Q22VIEW SOLUTION
How many pairs of chromosomes are present in human beings? Out of these how many are sex chromosomes ? How many types of sex chromosomes are found in human beings?VIEW SOLUTION
"The sex of a newborn child is a matter of chance and none of the parents may be considered responsible for it". Draw a flow chart showing determination of sex of a newborn to justify this statement.
Explain why carbon forms compounds mainly by covalent bond. Explain in brief two main reasons for carbon forming a large number of compounds. Why does carbon form strong bonds with most other elements ?VIEW SOLUTION
Four students A, B, C and D reported the following set of organs to be homologous. Who is correct ?
(A) Wings of a bat and a butterfly
(B) Wings of a pigeon and a bat
(C) Wings of a pigeon and a butterfly
(D) Forelimbs of cow, a duck and a lizardVIEW SOLUTION
A student identified the various parts of an embryo of a gram seed and listed them as given below :
Out of these the actual parts of the embryo are :
(A) I, II, III
(B) II, III, IV
(C) III, IV, V
(D) II, IV, VVIEW SOLUTION
A student has obtained a point image of a distant object using the given convex lens. To find the focal length of the lens he should measure the distance between the :
(A) lens and the object only
(B) lens and the screen only
(C) object and the image only
(D) lens and the object and also between the object and the imageVIEW SOLUTION
Study the following diagram and select the correct statement about the device 'X' :
(A) Device 'X' is a concave mirror of radius of curvature 12 cm
(B) Device 'X' is a concave mirror of focal length 6 cm
(C) Device 'X' is a concave mirror of focal length 12 cm
(D) Device 'X' is a convex mirror of focal length 12 cmVIEW SOLUTION
After tracing the path of a ray of light through a glass prism a student marked the angle of incidence (∠i), angle of refraction (∠r) angle of emergence (∠e) and the angle of deviation (∠D) as shown in the diagram. The correctly marked angles are :
(A) ∠i and ∠r
(B) ∠i and ∠e
(C) ∠i, ∠e and ∠D
(D) ∠i, ∠r and ∠eVIEW SOLUTION
For students P, Q, R and S traced the path of a ray of light passing through a glass slab for an angle of incidence 40° and measured the angle of refraction. The values as measured them were 18°; 22°; 25° and 30° respectively. The student who has performed the experiment methodically is
(D) SVIEW SOLUTION
Hard water is not available for an experiment. Some salts are given below :
(I) Sodium chloride
(II) Sodium sulphate
(III) Calcium chloride
(IV) Calcium sulphate
(V) Potassium chloride
(VI) Magnesium sulphate
Select from the following group of these salts, each member of which may be dissolved in water to make it hard.
(A) I, II, V
(B) I, III, V
(C) III, IV, VI
(D) II, IV, VIVIEW SOLUTION
A student Prepared 20% sodium hydroxide solution in a beaker to study saponification reaction. Some observations related to this are given below :
(I) Sodium hydroxide solution turns red litmus blue
(II) Sodium hydroxide readily dissolves in water
(III) The beaker containing solution appears cold when touched from outside
(IV) The blue litmus paper turns red when dipped into the solution
The correct observations are :
(A) I, II and IV
(B) I, II and III
(C) only III and IV
(D) only I and IIVIEW SOLUTION
A student adds 2 mL of acetic acid to a test tube containing 2 mL of distilled water. He then shakes the test tube well and leaves it to settle for some time. After about 5 minutes he observes that in the test tube there is:
(A) a clear transparent colourless solution
(B) a clear transparent pink solution
(C) a precipitate settling at the bottom of the test tube
(D) a layer of water the layer of acetic acidVIEW SOLUTION
List two observations which you make when you add a pinch of sodium hydrogen carbonate to acetic acid in a test tube. Write chemical equation for the reaction that occurs.VIEW SOLUTION
Name the type of asexual reproduction in which two individuals are formed from a single parent and the parental identity is lost. Draw the initial and the final stages of this type of reproduction. State the event with which this reproduction starts.VIEW SOLUTION
To find the image-distance for varying object-distances in case of a convex lens, a student obtains on a screen a sharp image of a bright object placed very far from the lens. After that he gradually moves the object towards the lens and each time focuses its image of the screen.
(a) In which direction – towards or away from the lens, does he move the screen to focus the object?(b) What happens to the size of image – does it increase or decrease?
(c) What happen when he moves the object very close to the lens?VIEW SOLUTION
(a) State the laws of refraction of light. Explain the term absolute refractive index of a medium and write an expression to relate it with the speed of light in vacuum.
(b) The absolute refractive indices of two media 'A' and 'B' are 2.0 and 1.5 respectively. If the speed of light in medium 'B' is 2 × 108 m/s, calculate the speed of light in:
(ii) medium 'A'.VIEW SOLUTION
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