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Class X: Science, Board Paper 2016, Set-2

(i) The questions paper comprises two section, A and B. You are to attempt both the sections.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) There is no choice in any of the questions.
(iv) All questions of Section−A and all questions of Section−B are to be attempted separately.
(v) Question numbers 1 to 3 in Section−A are one mark questions. These are to be answered in one word or one sentence.
(vi) Question numbers 4 to 6 Section−A are two marks questions. These are to be answered in about 30 words each.
(vii) Question numbers 7 to 18 in Section−A are three marks questions. There are to be answered in about 50 words each.
(viii) Question numbers 19 to 24 in Section−A are five marks questions. These are to be answered in about 70 words each.
(ix) Question numbers 25 to 33 in Section−B are multiple choice questions based on practical skills. Each question is a one mark question. You are to select one most appropriate response out of the four provided to you
(x) Question numbers 34 to 36 in Section B are two marks questions based on practical skills. These are to be answered in brief.
Question 1
  • Q1

    Name the following compounds.



  • Q2

    What is DNA? 


  • Q3

    List two biotic components of a biosphere. 


  • Q4

    A ray of light is incident on a convex mirror as shown. Redraw the diagram and complete the path of this ray after reflection from the mirror. Mark angle of incidence and angle of reflection on it.



  • Q5

    Explain giving example where active involvement of local people lead to efficient management of forest. 


  • Q6

    List four advantages of properly managed watershed management. 


  • Q7

    What is an oxidising agent? What happens when an oxidising agent is added to propanol? Explain with the help of a chemical equation. 


  • Q8

    What are covalent compounds? Why are they different from ionic compounds? List their three characteristic properties. 


  • Q9

    An element 'M' with electronic configuration (2, 8, 2) combines separately with (NO3), (SO4)2– and (PO4)3– radicals. Write the formula of the three compounds so formed. To which group and period of the Modern Periodic Table does the element 'M' belong? Will 'M' form covalent or ionic compounds? Give reason to justify your answer. 


  • Q10

    Name any two elements of group one and write their electronic configurations. What similarity do you observe in their electronic configurations? Write the formula of oxide of any of the aforesaid elements. 


  • Q11

    What are the functions of testes in the human male reproductive system? Why are these located outside the abdominal cavity? What is responsible for bringing about changes in appearance seen in boys at the time of puberty? 


  • Q12

    Suggest three contraceptive methods to control the size of human population, which is essential for the health and prosperity of a country. State the basic principle involved in each. 


  • Q13

    What is multiple fission? How does it occur in an organism? Explain briefly. Name one organism which exhibits this type of reproduction. 


  • Q14

    How did Mendel interpret his results to show that traits may be dominant or recessive? Describe briefly. 


  • Q15

    List three distinguishing features, in tabular form, between acquired traits and the inherited traits. 


  • Q16

    What is meant by scattering of light? The sky appears blue and the sun appears reddish at sunrise and sunset. Explain these phenomena with reason. 


  • Q17

    Draw the following diagram in which a ray of light is incident on a concave/convex mirror on your answer sheet. Show the path of this ray, after reflection, in each case.



  • Q18

    Give reason to justify the following:

    (a) The existence of decomposers is essential in a biosphere.

    (b) Flow of energy in a food chain is unidirectional. 


  • Q19

    (a) Write the functions of the following parts in human female reproductive system:

    (i) Ovary
    (ii) Oviduct
    (iii) Uterus

    (b) Describe the structure and function of placenta. 


  • Q20

    What is meant by speciation? List four factors that could lead to speciation. Which of them cannot be a major factor in the speciation of a self-pollinating plant species. Give reason to justify your answer. 


  • Q21

    (a) Give a chemical test to distinguish between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons.

    (b) Name the products formed when ethane burns in the air. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction showing the types of energies liberated.

    (c) Why is the reaction between methane and chlorine in the presence of sunlight considered a substitution reaction? 


  • Q22

    (a) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image by a concave lens when an object is placed in front of it.

    (b) In the above diagram mark the object distance (u) and the image distance (v) with their proper signs (+ve or –ve as per the new Cartesian sign convention) and state how these distances are related to the focal length (f) of the concave lens in the case.

    (c) Find the nature and power of a lens which forms a real and inverted image of magnification –1 at a distance of 40 cm from the optical centre. 


  • Q23

    (a) Define the following terms in the context of spherical mirrors:

    (i) Pole
    (ii) Centre of curvature
    (iii) Principal axis
    (iv) Principal focus

    (b) Draw ray diagrams to show the principal focus of a
    (i) concave mirror
    (ii) convex  mirror

    (c) Consider the following diagram in which M is a mirror and P is an object and Q is its magnified image formed by the mirror.

    State the type of the mirror M and one characteristic property of the image Q. 


  • Q24

    (a) Write the function of each of the following parts of the human eye:

    Cornea; iris; crystalline lens; ciliary muscles

    (b) Millions of people in the developing countries of the world are suffering from corneal blindness. These persons can be cured by replacing the defective cornea with the cornea of a donated eye. A charitable society of your city has organised a campaign in your neighbourhood in order to create awareness about this fact. If you are asked to participate in this mission, how would you contribute in this noble cause?

    (i) State the objective of organising such campaigns.
    (ii) List two arguments which you would give to motivate the people to donate their eyes after death.

    (iii) List two values which are developed in the persons who actively participate and contribute in such programmes. 


  • Q25

    Which of the following is a correct set of homologous organs?

    (a) Forelimbs of frog, bird and lizard
    (b) Spine of cactus and thorn of bougainvillea
    (c) Wings of bat and wings of butterfly
    (d) Wings of a bird and wings of a bat 


  • Q26

    A student has to perform the experiment "To identify the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed." Select from the following an appropriate group of seeds:

    (a) Pea, gram, wheat
    (b) Red kidney bean, maize, gram
    (c) Maize, wheat, red kidney bean
    (d) Red kidney bean, pea, gram 


  • Q27

    Study the following figure in which a student has marked the angle of incidence (∠i), angle of refraction (∠r), angle of emergence (∠e), angle of prism (∠A) and the angle of deviation (∠D). The correctly marked angles are

    (a) ∠A and ∠i
    (b) ∠A, ∠i and ∠r
    (c) ∠A, ∠i, ∠e and ∠D
    (d) ∠A, ∠i, ∠r and ∠D 


  • Q28

    Select from the following the best experimental setup for tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab.

    (a) P
    (b) Q
    (c) R
    (d) S 


  • Q29

    A student obtained a sharp image of a candle flame placed at the distant end of the laboratory table on a screen using a concave mirror to determine its focal length. The teacher suggested him to focus a distant building, about 1 km away from the laboratory, for getting more correct value of the focal length. In order to focus the distant building on the same screen, the student should slightly move the

    (a) mirror away from the screen
    (b) screen away from the mirror
    (c) screen towards the mirror
    (d) screen towards the building 


  • Q30

    To determine the approximate focal length of the given convex lens by focussing a distant object (say, a sign board), you try to focus the image of the object on a screen. The image you obtain on the screen is always
    (a) erect and laterally inverted
    (b) erect and diminished
    (c) inverted and diminished
    (d) virtual, inverted and diminished 


  • Q31

    A student takes four test tubes marked P, Q, R and S of 25 mL capacity and fills 10 mL of distilled water in each. He dissolves one spoon full of four different salts in each as − KCl in P, NaCl in Q, CaCl2 in R and MgCl2 in S. He then adds about 2 mL of a sample of soap solution to each of the above test tubes. On shaking the contents of each of the test tubes, he is likely to observe a good amount of lather (foam) in the test tubes marked

    (a) P and Q
    (b) R and S
    (c) P, Q and R
    (d) P, Q and S 


  • Q32

    Which of the following sets of materials can be used for conducting a saponification reaction for the preparation of soap?

    (a) Ca(OH)2 and neem oil
    (b) NaOH and neem oil
    (c) NaOH and mineral oil
    (d) Ca(OH)2 and mineral oil 


  • Q33

    Consider the following comments about saponification reactions:

    I. Heat is evolved in these reactions.
    II. For quick precipitation of soap, sodium chloride is added to the reaction mixtures.
    III. Saponification reactions are a special kind of neutralisation reactions.
    IV. Soaps are basic salts of long-chain fatty acids.

    The correct comments are

    (a) I, II and III
    (b) II, III and IV
    (c) I, II and IV
    (d) Only I and IV



  • Q34

    A student focuses the image of a well-illuminated distant object on a screen using a convex lens. After that, he gradually moves the object towards the lens and each time focuses its image on the screen by adjusting the lens.
    (i) In which direction, towards the screen or away from the screen, does he move the lens?
    (ii) What happens to the size of the image? Does it decrease or increase?
    (iii) What happens to the image on the screen when he moves the object very close to the lens? 


  • Q35

    What do you observe when you drop a few drops of acetic acid to test tubes containing
    (a) phenolphthalein
    (b) distilled water
    (c) universal indicator
    (d) sodium hydrogen carbonate powder 


  • Q36

    Draw a labelled diagram to show that particular stage of binary fission in amoeba in which its nucleus elongates and divide into two and a constriction appears in its cell membrane. 


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