|Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure (Chemistry)||Close X|
Attractive force between hydrogen atom of one molecule and electronegative atom (F, O, or N) of another molecule
Represented by dotted lines (------)
Cause of Formation of Hydrogen Bonds
Hydrogen bond formation takes place when hydrogen is bonded to a strong electronegative atom. This formation is explained in the following flow chart:
Displacement of electron pair towards the electronegative atom
Attainment of fractional positive charge by hydrogen atom and fractional negative charge by the electronegative atom
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