Whichof the following is a good reason to conclude that the authority ofthe constitution is higher than that of the parliament?
a.The constitution was framed before the parliament came into being.
b.The constitution makers were more eminent leaders than the members ofthe parliament.
c.The constitution specifies how parliament is to be formed and whatare its powers.
d.The constitution cannot be amended by the parliament.
Whichof these is not a function of the constitution?
a.It gives a guarantee of the rights of the citizen.
b.It marks out different spheres of power for different branches ofgovernment.
c.It ensures that good people come to power.
d.It gives expression to some shared values.
what do you mean by secular state?
a discussion on the experience of the working of our Constitution,
three speakers took three different positions:
Harbans: The Indian Constitution has succeeded in giving us a
framework of democratic government.
The Constitution made solemn promises of ensuring liberty, equality
and fraternity. Since this has not happened, the Constitution has
Nazima: The Constitution has not failed us. We have failed the
you agree with any of these positions? If yes, why? If not, what is
your own position?
asked his teacher this question: “The constitution is a fifty
year old and therefore outdated book. No one took my consent for
implementing it. It is written in such tough language that I cannot
understand it. Tell me why should I obey this document?” If you
were the teacher, how would you answer Rajat?
Japanese Constitution was made when the US occupation army was still
in control of Japan after its defeat in the Second World War. The
Japanese constitution could not have had any provision that the US
government did not like. Do you see any problem in this way of making
the constitution? In which way was the Indian experience different
Why is it
necessary for a constitution to place limitations on the rulers? Can
there be a constitution that gives no power at all to the citizens?
is it necessary for a country to have a clear demarcation of powers
and responsibilities in the constitution? What would happen in the
absence of such a demarcation?
two examples each to support the following conclusions about the
The Constitution was made by credible leaders who commanded peoples’
The Constitution has distributed power in such a way as to make it
difficult to subvert it.
The Constitution is the locus of people’s hopes and
whether the following inferences about the making of the Indian
Constitution are Correct or Incorrect. Give reasons to support your
a. The Constituent Assembly did not
represent the Indian people since it was not elected by all citizens.
b. Constitution making did not
involve any major decision since there was a general consensus among
the leaders at that time about its basic framework.
c. There was little originality in
the Constitution, for much of it was borrowed from other countries.
whether the following statements about a constitution are True or
Constitutions are written documents about formation and power of the
Constitutions exist and are required only in democratic countries.
Constitution is a legal document that does not deal with ideals and
A constitution gives its citizens a new identity.
of the following is a good reason to conclude that the authority of
the constitution is higher than that of the parliament?
The constitution was framed before the parliament came into being.
The constitution makers were more eminent leaders than the members of
The constitution specifies how parliament is to be formed and what
are its powers.
The constitution cannot be amended by the parliament.
of these is not a function of the constitution?
It gives a guarantee of the rights of the citizen.
It marks out different spheres of power for different branches of
It ensures that good people come to power.
It gives expression to some shared values.
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