1. Give reason: electric lines of force do not form closed loop while magnetic field lines form closed loop. 2. Why do like poles repel each other and unlike poles attract each pole ? Give satisfactory reason.

1. Electric lines of force do not exists inside the charges itself and thus they are discontinuous at point charges. But magnetic lines of force form continuous loops and exists at the poles.

2. Electric charges can exists as monopole or positive or negative charges exists independently thus the lines originate from the charges and eventually fades at infinity, but no magnetic monopole exists thus there exists so source or sink of the magnetic lines of force.

2. Magnets attract or repulse because of tiny circulating currents comprising electrons inside them. It has been found that a single loop of current carrying wire is the simplest magnet with two poles. Upper side becomes the North Pole and lower is the South Pole.

It has also been found that two wires carrying current in the same direction attracts due to Lorentz’s force.

In the above we see that when the currents are in the same direction which makes attraction then South Pole of one loop faces the North Pole of the other. Thus unlike poles attract.

Similarly, it has also been found that two wires carrying current in the opposite direction repulses due to Lorentz’s force. Thus like poles repulse.

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