14. How is the council of ministers appointed?
15. How is the president of India elected?
16. Why do we consider an independent and powerful judiciary necessary for

Dear student,
15) All the other  members of  the council are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. It is the Prime Minister who allocates portfolios to the minister. 

16) The President of India is elected by an Electoral College which consists of the elected members of both the Houses of the Parliament as well as the elected members of the State Legislature.He is elected through Indirect Election.

17) The judiciary of India is a powerful and independent institution.
It is a mechanism for the legal authority  of disputes and prosecution of legal offenders as well.
Apart from this, the judiciary at the higher level also interprets the Constitution and resolves disputes between the centre and states as well as between different states. It protects the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution and is the mechanism to seek recourse to constitutional remedies. It also strikes down any law that contravenes the Constitution in letter and spirit. Along with the legislature and the executive, it is one of the three pillars of Indian democracy.

​​​​​​​Hope this information will clear your doubts about topic.

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