3g of H2 react with 29g of O2 to yield H2O .
(1) Which is limiting raegent?
(2) Calculate the maximum amount of H20 that can be formed?
(3) Calculate the amount of one of the reactants which remains unreacted.
The balanced equation for the above reaction is as follows:
From the above equation it is clear that 2 mole H2 react with 1 mole O2
Molar mass of H2 = 2g
Molar mass of O2= 32 g
4 g H2 react with 32 g O2
3 g H2 reacts with = (32/4) x 3g of O2 gas
= 24 g
As the given amount of O2 is more than required therefore O2 is excess reagent and H2 is limiting reagent.
2 mole of hydrogen gas reacts to form 2 mole of water molecule therefore,
4 g of H2 produces = 36 g of water
So the amount of H2O produced by 3 g H2 = (36/4) x 3
= 27 g
Hence, 27 g of water will be produced during the recation
As, 24 g of oxygen has been utilised during the recation and 29 g of oxygen was supplied therefore amount of oxygen gas left is (29-24) = 5g