A certain length of a uniform wire of resistance 12 ohm is bent into a circle and two points, a quarter of circumference apart ,are connected to a battery of EMF 4 volt and internal resistance 1 ohm find the current in the different parts of the circuit with diagram

Dear Student,
Let the length of the uniform wire be L.
The resistance per unit length of the wire will be 12/L
It is bent in the form of a circle of radius,r such that
 2πr=Lr = L2π
A battery is connected across two point separated by a quarter of the circle. So, across these two points there will be two parallel  resistances, one due to 1/4th length of the wire, R1 and the other due to 3/4th length of the wire, R2
R1=122πr×2πr4=3 ΩR2=122πr×34×2πr=9 ΩSo, R1R2 =R = 93+1=94Ω

Net current through the wire:

i = ER+r=494+1=1613A=1.23 ACurrent through R1 i.e., quarter length of the wirei1=912×1613A=1213=0.92 ACurrent through R2 i.e., quarter length of the wirei2=312×1.23=413=0.31 A

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