A figure consists of a semicircle with a rectangle on its diameter . Given the perimeter of the figure find its dimensions in order that the area may be maximum.
let the radius of the circle be r and the height of the rectangular part formed on the diameter of circle be h.
let the area of the figure be
since the perimeter of the figure is fixed , let it be 2k.
substituting in eq(1):
now to find the critical points let us differentiate eq(3) wrt r:
now to check the maxima or minima we will again differentiate the equation (4):
thus must be a relative maximum.
since there is only one critical point , a relative maximum is also an absolute max.
thus gives the maximum area in the problem.
the corresponding value of the height is
hope this helps you