a stone sinka in water,but an iron ship floats in it.
why does it happen? is it due to the different properties of iron and stone? is it due to the shape of ship or stone?
Whether a body will float or sink depends on the density of the body. Density of a body is the mass divided by the volume of the body.
Density of a stone is more than water so it sinks. The density of a ship is mass of the ship divided by the volume of the ship. Although the ship is made of iron, the volume of the ship is so huge that the density becomes less than the density of water. The reason being, ship is not a mass of solid iron. There is lots of empty spaces and other less dense substances within the volume of the ship. The ship is designed as a hollow cavity, so it will float.