(a) what is meant by sustainable development ?
(b) Suggest any one method to achieve it.
Sustainable development: Development which does not cause overuse of resources, at the same time replenishing the existing resources is called as sustainable development.
Steps to ensure sustainable development :
- Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Livelihoods
- Changing Unsustainable Patterns of Consumption and Production
- Protecting and Managing the Natural Resource Base of Economic and Social Development
Sustainability is important for development as it cannot be a stop start process. Sustainability ensures continued development whose benefits can be reaped by all sections of the society. It would also lead to development across generations.
Methods to ensure sustainable development are as follows:
i) Increasing the share of renewable sources of energy to fulfil the energy requirements.
ii) Conserving the environment to maintain ecological balance and mitigate the impact of climate change.
4. Fundamental changes in the way societies produce and consume are indispensable for achieving global sustainable development. All countries should promote sustainable consumption and production patterns, with the developed countries taking the lead and with all countries benefiting from the process, taking into account the Rio principles, including, inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities as set out in principle 7 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. Governments, relevant international organizations, the private sector and all major groups should play an active role in changing unsustainable consumption and production patterns. This would include the actions at all levels set out below.
15. Encourage and promote the development of a 10-year framework of programmes in support of regional and national initiatives to accelerate the shift towards sustainable consumption and production to promote social and economic development within the carrying capacity of ecosystems by addressing and, where appropriate, delinking economic growth and environmental degradation through improving efficiency and sustainability in the use of resources and production processes and reducing resource degradation, pollution and waste. All countries should take action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development needs and capabilities of developing countries, through mobilization, from all sources, of financial and technical assistance and capacity-building for developing countries. This would require actions at all levels to:
(a) Identify specific activities, tools, policies, measures and monitoring and assessment mechanisms, including, where appropriate, life-cycle analysis and national indicators for measuring progress, bearing in mind that standards applied by some countries may be inappropriate and of unwarranted economic and social cost to other countries, in particular developing countries;
(b) Adopt and implement policies and measures aimed at promoting sustainable patterns of production and consumption, applying, inter alia, the polluter-pays principle described in principle 16 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development;
(c) Develop production and consumption policies to improve the products and services provided, while reducing environmental and health impacts, using, where appropriate, science-based approaches, such as life-cycle analysis;
(d) Develop awareness-raising programmes on the importance of sustainable production and consumption patterns, particularly among youth and the relevant segments in all countries, especially in developed countries, through, inter alia, education, public and consumer information, advertising and other media, taking into account local, national and regional cultural values;
(e) Develop and adopt, where appropriate, on a voluntary basis, effective, transparent, verifiable, non-misleading and non-discriminatory consumer information tools to provide information relating to sustainable consumption and production, including human health and safety aspects. These tools should not be used as disguised trade barriers;
(f) Increase eco-efficiency, with financial support from all sources, where mutually agreed, for capacity-building, technology transfer and exchange of technology with developing countries and countries with economies in transition, in cooperation with relevant international organizations.
Some principles of sustainable development are:
1. Respect and care all forms of life.
2. Improve the quality of human life.
3. Conserve the earth's vatility & diversity
4. Minimise the use of natural resource.
5. Change personal atitude & practices towarda the environment.
More trees should be planted in place of those are cut for utilisation of forest products.
Eco friendly fuels should be used
Strategy of 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) should be used to reduce pressure on natural resources of environment.
is known as sustainable development
We can achieve that by solar,wind energy that cannot harm the environment and resoutces and use ful for the future generation
long period of time and can be used in future by coming generation is known as
sustainable development. It can be achieved by;
#By raising public awarness in
The development which meets the current basic human needs and also preserve the resources for the future generations is called sustainable development.
i) We should have a proper management of resources,have a better resource planning.
ii)By using the resources in less amount
Resources can be used judiciously in the following manner.
Using bicycle or walking for short distances rather than using a two wheeler or four wheeler can help in saving fuel and also will help in reducing air pollution.
Urbanization without deforestation can help us to sustain the natural environment.
By using CNG in place of petrol, we can help in reducing air pollution.
Judiciously using water resources and not polluting them will help us to preserve our water resources.