All figure of speech in poen the trees

The poet has deployed alliterationin many places to add to the rhythm of the poem. Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning or stressed syllables of words. Some examples are:

What does he plant who plants a tree?
He plants a friend of sun and sky;
He plants a home to heaven anigh;
In hushed and happy twilight heard —
The treble of heaven’s harmony —

The poet personifies the tree when he calls it ‘a friend of sun and sky’.

Metaphor is an implied comparison between two different things where there is a point of similarity.

“the flag of breezes free” and “the shaft of beauty towering high” are examples of metaphors in the poem. Here the leafy branches of a tree are compared to a flag and the stem is compared to a beautiful shaft standing high.

In a circumlocution something is referred to in a roundabout way, using different words rather than stating it directly.

Using “days to be” for “future” and “unborn eyes” for “next generations” are examples of circumlocution in the poem.

Metonymy is a figure of speech where one word or phrase is substituted by another one closely associated with it.

In the first stanza of this poem, there are two metonyms.

He plants a home to heavenanigh; (near the heaven).

Here, ‘heaven’ represents the sky, as we normally think that the heaven is situated somewhere up in the sky. The poet actually means that the man who plants a tree also plants a home for bird high in the sky.

The treble of heaven’s harmony —

Here, ‘treble’ (the pitch range of highest female voice) is used to mean the song or simply the sound which birds make.

The joy that unborn eyes shall see —

‘Eyes’ here means the child, a part of body representing the whole. Thus it can also be classified as a synecdoche, a class of metonymy.

He plants in sap and leaf and wood,

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