ans question 8 ,9,10,11
Ans.8 Characteristics of insect-pollinated flowers or entomophily:
1.Flowers are usually large, brightly-colored and scented to attract insects. If the flowers are small they may group together to form conspicuous inflorescence.
2.Nectar is often present to attract insects.
3.Pollen is fairly abundant. Pollen grains are large sticky and heavy, usually with rough surfaces so that they can readily cling onto the insects bodies.
4.Stamens may not be pendulous.
5.Stigmas are usually not feathery and do no protrude. They are sticky so that pollen grains settling on them are not easily displaced.
6.Nectar guides may be seen on the petals.
P.S. Kindly post separate questions in separate threads.