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Animals show the following types of behaviors:
  • Instinctual behavior: This includes a fixed pattern of action that an animal takes. For example, caring for an egg is a fixed action pattern. Some birds will take care of chicks of other birds if eggs are put in their nests during nesting season. Under this comes imprinting, in which a baby animal accepts an animal or even an item as a surrogate mother.
  • Learned behavior: Wild animals must learn new and specific ways to survive. Under this comes operant conditioning, associative learning, and mimicry. Operant conditioning is when an animal learn to anticipate that an action will have a predictable outcome through trial and error. In associative learning, an animal knows that a certain event precedes another, for say, a metal bowl is moved before food is served. In mimicry, an animal learns by watching. 
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