art in which eggs are removed from the ovary of the female fertilised and then placed in her fallopian tube


Assisted reproductive technology(ART) is the technology used to achieve pregnancy in procedures such as fertility medication, in vitro fertilization, surrogacy etc. 
  • In vitro fertilisation (IVF– fertilisation outside the body in almost similar conditions as that in the body) followed by embryo transfer (ET) is one of such methods.
  • In this method, popularly known as test tube baby programme, ova from the wife/donor (female) and sperms from the husband/donor (male) are collected and are induced to form zygote under simulated conditions in the laboratory.
  • The zygote or early embryos (with upto 8 blastomeres) could then be transferred into the fallopian tube (ZIFT–zygote intra fallopian transfer) and embryos with more than 8 blastomeres, into the uterus (IUT – intra uterine transfer), to complete its further development.
  • Embryos formed by in-vivo fertilisation (fusion of gametes within the female) also could be used for such transfer to assist those females who cannot conceive.
Hence, the answer is IVF.

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