briefly explain the state of infrastructure in rural india.
During the colonial rule, the British aimed at developing infrastructure to facilitate their trade affairs. At the time of independence, the Indian government found lack of sound infrastructure to realize their dream of economic development and growth Most of the infra¬structural development concentrated in the urban areas. The infrastructure! development in the rural areas is still very slow as compared to the size of the rural population.
(ii) The women in rural areas are still making use of biofuels like cow-dung and fuelwood to meet their energy needs. The census of 2001 states that only 56% of the households have electricity connection whereas 43% still use kerosene. About 90% of the rural house¬holds use biofuels for cooking. Tap water is used by only 24% of the rural households and improved sanitation is available to only 20%. 1 (m) As the infrastructure is an essential element of economic growth, so, it has become the need of the hour to address the problem the infrastructure. The government of India invested an only small proportion of GDP on infrastructure i.e. only 5% that is lesser than that of China and Indonesia.
(iv) The economists see India as the third biggest country in the world. For that to happen India will have to boost its infrastructure, especially rural infrastructure. This will not only promote the economic development of our country but also enhance economic welfare.