can you differ between gerunds and infinitives?
When a verb acts as a noun in a sentence, it becomes a gerund. It is always formed by adding '-ing' to the base form of the verb.
1. I am swimming.
2. I like swimming.
In sentence 1 the word 'swimming' acts as a verb, however, in sentence 2, it acts as a noun. Thus 'swimming' is a gerund in sentence 2.
An infinitive is the base form of the verb that is preceded by 'to' and acts as noun. It is also called as 'Verb-Noun'. Look at the following examples:
I refused to tell a lie.
The girl wanted to watch a movie.
My mother would be happy to see me.
She is asked to address the audience.
To wake up early is a difficult task for her.
I did not intend to hurt.
You have no choice but to surrender.
To respect your nation is your duty.
This is not the time to repent.
I did want him to know about it.