CHAPTER – 5 3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles. Put a ‘X’ where no articles is required. ………X…………….. Elementary education is……a…………. Fundamental right to be educated is violated if there is …………….. less opportunity for …………… education. ……………….. government of ………………. country must have ………………….. standard policy of education for its people. …………………… duty of ……………………. government is to effectively implement ……………………. education policy throughout ………………………… country. ………………country should make education available to all children through ……................. department must also ensure that children from socially and economically deprived backgrounds are able to take advantage of ………………………. policy. In …………………. Country like India, ………………… government is ……………………. largest service provider in education. Most states of India have ……………………. department of education to look after the needs of education. Unfortunately there are many children in India who still remain outside ……………………. system of school education. To make education available to all Indian children, ……………………. government of India initiated ………………...... project called Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. ………………………… aim of ………………………. project is to bring all children to school by 2010. CHAPTER – 8 3. Complete the following sentences with correct forms of verb given in brackets. Mention the role that each sentence plays. a. Great leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Maulana Abule Kalam Azad and Bhagat Singh ………………. (fight)for the Independence of India. The British ………………… (rule) over India for more than two centuries. They ……………….. (follow) the policy of ‘divide and rule’ for governance. They ………………. (divide) India into two nations before they……………………. (leave) the country in 1947. b. Sri Lanka ………….... (be) also under the British Rule for a long time. The country …………………….. (get) its independence in 1948. On July 21 , 1960 Sirimavo Bandaranaike ………………. (take) office as the prime minister of Sri Lanka. She ……………… (become)the world’s first female prime minister and the first female head of government in post – colonial Asia. c. Nepal ………………… (remain) a monarchy throughout most of its history. In 1990 King Birendra ……………….. (agree) to introduce large scale political reforms. He ………………… (introduce) a parliamentary monarchy in Nepal. In this system the king ………………. (remain)the head of the state while the prime minister………………. (act) as the head of the government. The country ………………… (see) the establishment of a federal democratic republic in 2008. Dr. Ram Baran Yadav ………………… (become) the first President of Nepal on July 23, 2008. 6. Fill in the blanks using the present perfect tense. a. I……………… (come)to your school to demonstrate a few things about using computers for your studies. As we ……………… (see) recently , the computer is a very important tool in the modern world. How many of you ……………….. (use) computer before? Don’t worry if you ………………… (not use) the computer before. I ………………. (learn)to use the computer recently. b. We know that pollution …………………… (become) a threat to our survival. Before the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, people lived more in harmony with their immediate environment. With the spread of industrialization, the problem of pollution …………… (increase). When Earth’s population was much smaller, no one believed pollution would ever present a serious problem. With the increasing population on the planet, it ………………. (become) apparent that there are limits. Pollution is one of the sings that human ………………. (exceed) those limits. 8. Fill in the blanks with the simple past tense and the present perfect tense of the verbs given in brackets. The most glorious target of world mountain climbers ………………. (be ) to reach the highest stop on the Earth. The first organized attempt to reach the world’s highest peak ………………. (take) place from the northern (Tibetan) side in 1922. It was ………………. (lead) by George Mallory. He ………………….. (survive) the expedition and came closer to the summit two years later but …………………. (disappear) on Everest’s north-east ridge. On May 29, 1953, New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay ………………. (make) it to the top for the first time in the world. She ……………….. (climb) the Everest in 1975. Everest expedition ……………… (claim) more than 95 lives, including those of 40 Sherpas so far.

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