Describe briefly any three laws that improved the conditions of industrial labours in britain

Solution:

Three laws that improved the conditions of industrial labours in Britain include:

1. In 1819, laws were passed to stop  employment of children under the age of nine in factories. Working hours of those between the ages nine and sixteen  was restricted  to 12 hours a day. But these laws were not enforced properly. After massive and continuous  protest by workers throughout the north of England, an Act was passed in 1833. This act permitted children under nine to be employed only in silk factories, working hours for older children were reduced  and factory inspectors were appointed to ensure proper enforcement of the Act.

2. The Ten Hours’ Bill was passed in 1847. This Act  reduced  working hours for women and young people. working for 10-hour a  day was decided for male workers. These Act were confined to  textile industries only not to the mining industry.

3. The Mines and Collieries Act of 1842 was enacted to stop children under ten and women from working underground. Fielder’s Factory Act of 1847 stated that children under eighteen and women will not be allowed to work  more than 10 hours a day.
 

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