describe briefly the advantages of external trade

Advantages 1. It contribtues in the GDP of the country 2. It also helps in the better relations of the two countries and promote globalisation. 3. Foreign Currency:- Country get the foreign money also and help in the foreign exchange 4. It also help in the development of country. 5. It also helps in the Growth and adopt new technology in the developing country.
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Trading globally gives consumers and countries the opportunity to be exposed to new markets and products. Almost every kind of product can be found on the international market: food, clothes, spare parts, oil, jewelry, wine, stocks, currencies and water. Services are also traded: tourism, banking, consulting and transportation. A product that is sold to the global market is an export, and a product that is bought from the global market is an import. Imports and exports are accounted for in a country's current account in the balance of payments.[citation needed]


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Home » Explain the Advantages and Disadvantages of Foreign Trade in Detail

Explain the Advantages and Disadvantages of Foreign Trade in Detail


Advantages and Disadvantages of Foreign Trade:- “Foreign trade implies the buying and selling of goods and services among different countries across the world”.  It may consist of export of goods and imports of goods from abroad. Foreign trade is also known as International Trade.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Foreign Trade


  1. Maximum Use of Natural Resources

Foreign trade helps each country to specialize in the production of those goods, which best suits it environments. It, thus leads to maximum use of its natural resources.

  1. Availability of Goods

It enables a country to obtain goods by importing which it cannot produce due to higher costs at home.

  1. Specialization

Foreign trade leads to specialize in the production of goods. Specialization leads to lowering of costs and improving the quality of goods. The countries therefore, benefit from international trade.

  1. Economics of Large Scale

The expansion of foreign trade leads to production of goods on large scale. The economics of large scale production (both external and internal) are thus availed of by the trading countries of the world.

  1. Stability in Prices

Foreign trade equalizes prices of goods throughout the world.

  1. Advance Equipment’s

The developing countries can import latest machinery and know how from the developed world. They can thus speedily break the vicious circle of poverty.

  1. Benefits to Consumers

The consumers are able to get those goods which are not produced in their own countries.

  1. Development of the means of Communication and Transport

Different Countries may dispose of those goods which they have in surplus and obtain goods which they are short in supply. The trades between the countries lead to development in the means of communications and transport.

  1. Ability to Face Natural Calamities

International trade helps a country to face naturals incidents such as Earthquake, floods etc. The effected countries are able to import goods which they are short in supply.

  1. Discouragement to Monopolies

International trade discourages the formation of monopolies in a country. If there is a combination of certain business units and they raise the prices of goods higher than the market, the government imports those goods to reduce the prices in the country.

  1. International Co-operation

Foreign trade brings the people of different countries close to each other. It can bring better understanding and harmony among the various nations.

  1. Better Employment Opportunities

As the Foreign trade expands, it creates jobs and provides better employment opportunities for the people both in and outside the country.


  1. Threat to infant industries

Due to import of goods from abroad, the infant industries of a country are not able to grow and survive.

  1. Economic exploitation

The under developed countries depend upon the developed countries for the import of machinery, technology etc the developed nations exploit the weaker nations and charge very high prices from them.

  1. Endangers independence

Foreign trade encourages slavery. It impairs economic independence of the poor nations.

  1. Misuse of natural resources

If there is an excessive export of natural resources like iron, cool etc of a country, it will be exhausted in a shorter span of time. The country then suffers economically in the long run.

  1. Import of harmful goods

The import of harmful goods adversely effects health, well being and economy of the country.

  1. World wars

Foreign trade creates rivalry among the competing nations of the world. It leads to ill-will, hatred and eventually to wars among them. This disturbs world peace.

  1. Trade and tariff agreements

The developed countries motivate the developing nations to give tariff concessions and reduce restrictions on imports and adopt free trade. If the developing countries are lured and agree to join such agreements, they economically suffer in the long run.

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