Describe briefly the poverty alleviation programmes introduced in India.

The governmenthas launched various poverty alleviation schemes to control poverty . Some of them are:

  1. National Rural Employment Guarentee act (NREGA) 2005 : It was passed in September 2005 . The act provides 100 days assured employment every year to every rural household in 200 districts . Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts . One third of the proposed jobs would be reserved for women . Under the programme if an applicant is not provided employment within fifteen days ,he/she will be entitled to a daily unemployment allowance.                                                                                                                          
  2. National Food for Work Programme ( NFWP) : It was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country . The programme is open to all rural poor , whoare in need of wage employment , and desire to do manual unskilled work .                                                                                                                      
  3. The Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) : it was started in 1993. The aim of the programme is to create self employment opportunities for the educated unemployd youth in rural areas and small towns . They are helped in setting up small business and industries.                                                                
  4. Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) : It was launched in 1999 . The programme aims to bringing the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organising them into self - help groups through a mix of blank credit and government subsidy .                                                                                      
  5. Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) : It was launched in 2000 , additional central assistance is given to states for basic services such as primary health, primary education , rural shelter , rural drinking water and rural electrification .

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