Difference between irony and sarcasm with examples

Dear Student,

Irony: It is a figure of speech in which the real meaning is exactly opposite to what is being said.

For example:
These sweet little mountains fascinate me.
The doctor needs a medical advice.

Sarcasm: Sarcasm is a witty language used to convey insults or scorn. It is a sharp ironical taunt.

For example:
When something bad happens, one might say : Oh, that's just great.

Regards,

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irony — the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect

sarcasm — the use of irony to mock or convey contempt
 

sarcasm — using a sentence to convey its exact opposite meaning

irony — a circumstance that involves one's intent or actions backfiring and bringing about the opposite of what was intended, usually through humorous or coincidental means

Ex 

1 ) A very common example of irony is that of saying something to convey the opposite of its face value: for instance, when something bad happens, one might say:
Oh, that's just great! 
2 ) 
Defining the word "sarcasm" is fairly straightforward. It usually means the expression of a sentiment whose opposite is meant. For example:
 

Hooray! I have a headcold.

 


 

 

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Irony?is used to convey, usually, the opposite meaning of the actual things you say, but its purpose is not intended to hurt the other person.Sarcasm, while still keeping the "characteristic" that you mean the opposite of what you say, unlike?irony?it is used to hurt the other person.?
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Irony: the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
Sarcasm: the use of irony to mock or ridicule someone.
E.g: 
'Save trees written on paper which have been made from cut trees. (irony)

She: I have a temperature!
He: Wow! Congrats! (sarcasm)

Hope this heps!
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