difference between macronutrient and micronutrient

 nutrients which are required in small quantities by plants  are called micronutrients.Ex- Zinc,Iron etc.

Nutrients required in larger quantities are called macronutrients. Ex- NPK,Sulphur etc.

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The primary difference between macronutrients and micronutrients is what they are made of.  Let’s take a closer look at the differences between the two.

Macronutrients, as the name projects, are large nutrients that are obtained from whole foods.  While whole foods, such as nuts, seeds, dairy products, eggs, meat, fruits and veggies contain micronutrients as well, there are large doses of macronutrients.  Macronutrients are filled with calories that provide energy to all of the major organs of the body, including the brain.  Micronutrients are not filled with calories, but rather are rich in antioxidants, which protect the body from free-radicals that lead to premature aging and disease.

Micronutrients, because of their antioxidant properties, work to protect the body and eliminate toxins from the system. They neutralize radicals and keep the body operating at its optimum level.  This is why it is important to consume foods that contain a large variety of micronutrients.

Micronutrients are mainly comprised of vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin A, vitamin C, or vitamin E, whereas macronutrients are comprised of large molecules such as carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen.  Macronutrients are carbohydrates, fats and protein which are required by the body in large quantities to survive.  The breakdown of these nutrients provides energy to the body.

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Nutrients that the body uses in relatively large amounts - proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. This is as opposed to micronutrients, which the body requires in smaller amounts, such as vitamins and minerals. Macronutrients provide calories to the body as well as performing other functions.

             Micronutrients are nutrients required by humans and other organisms throughout life in small quantities to orchestrate a whole range of physiological functions, but which the organism itself cannot produce.[1] For people, they include dietary trace minerals in amounts generally less than 100 milligrams/day[citation needed] - as opposed to macrominerals which are required in larger quantities. 

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nutrients required in smaller quantity by the plants are micro nutrients 

nutrients  required in larger amount are macronutrients

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Macro= A cell which can see by our eyes

Micro= a cell which can seen by a
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The nutrients which are need in small amount is know as micro nutrients and the nutrients which are needed in large amount is known as macro nutrients macro are visible whether micro are not visible
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Macro nutrients are needed in large amount

Micro nutrients are needed in less amount
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pls tell a small and to the point answer
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Macronutrients=nutrients required by the crops in large quantities are called macronutrients.
Eg: phosphorus,potassium,etc

Micronutrients=nutrients required by the soil in small quantities are called micronutrients.
Eg: iron,zinc
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Micro means small nutrients ( low amount required) Macro means large nutrients ( more amount required)
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Difference between Micronutrients and Macronutrients



Required in minute quantities.

Required in large quantities.

Play a pivotal role in disease prevention.

Play a pivotal role in providing energy.

Deficiency of micronutrients can cause Anaemia, Scurvy, Goitre, etc.

Deficiency of macronutrients can cause protein-energy malnutrition, Kwashiorkor, marasmus, etc.

Excessive intake of Vitamins harms the liver, mild nerve damage, etc.

Excessive intake of macronutrients results in cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, etc.

Antioxidants, Minerals, and Vitamins are examples of macronutrients.

Proteins, fiber, carbohydrates, and fats are examples of micronutrients.

Micronutrients are mainly obtained from vegetables, fruits, cashews, eggs, all dairy products, etc.

Macronutrients are mainly obtained from legumes, beans, pulses, soy, tofu, cereals, potatoes, fish as nuts, oilseeds, milk, cheese, etc.

Their concentration is less than 1mg/gm.

Their concentration is equal to 1 mg or 1000 microgram.

Are found in a minute quantity in plants products.

Are found abundantly in all plants products.

They are trace elements.

They are major elements.

All micronutrients are minerals.

Includes both minerals and non-minerals.

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took it from byjus
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