Difference between Tortoise(Testudo) and Turtle(Chelone) ?

Tortoise-larger in size,semi terrestrial and fresh water format,oval carapace,forelimbs and hindlimbs are not modified into paddles,head can be completely withdrawn into the shell. Turtle -smaller in size,aquatic and marine form,heart shaped carapace, forelimbs and hindlimbs are modified into paddles,heart is partially withdrawn into the shell.
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Turtle vs. Tortoise. Tortoises and turtles are both reptiles from the order of Testudines, but in different classification families. The major difference between the two is that tortoises dwell on land, while turtles live in the water some or nearly all of the time.
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