Explain briefly about the anti-poverty programmes started by the government ?

Advaith has given a good answer. You may also refer to the following link:


  • -9

Ans: i. National Food for Work Programme (NFWP):

—  It was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country.


—  The programme is open to all rural poor who are in need of wage employment and  desire to do manual unskilled work.

—  It is implemented as a 100 per cent centrally sponsored scheme and foodgrains are provided free of cost to the states.



  ii.  Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana (PMRY):

—  It was started in 1993.

—  The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns.

—  They are helped in setting up small business and industries.

  iii.  Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP):

—  It was launched in 1995.

—  The  aim of the programme is to create self employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns.

—  A target for creating 25 lakh new jobs has been set for the programme under the Tenth Five Year plan.

  iv.  Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY):

—  It was launched in 1999.

—  The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organizing them into self help groups through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy. 

  v. Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yozana (PMGY):

—  It was launched in 2000.

—  It aims at providing basic services such as primary health, primary education, rural shelter, rural drinking water and rural electrification.

  • 19
What are you looking for?