Explain briefly about the anti-poverty programmes started by the government ?
Ans: i. National Food for Work Programme (NFWP):
It was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country.
The programme is open to all rural poor who are in need of wage employment and desire to do manual unskilled work.
It is implemented as a 100 per cent centrally sponsored scheme and foodgrains are provided free of cost to the states.
ii. Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana (PMRY):
It was started in 1993.
The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns.
They are helped in setting up small business and industries.
iii. Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP):
It was launched in 1995.
The aim of the programme is to create self employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns.
A target for creating 25 lakh new jobs has been set for the programme under the Tenth Five Year plan.
iv. Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY):
It was launched in 1999.
The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organizing them into self help groups through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy.
v. Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yozana (PMGY):
It was launched in 2000.
It aims at providing basic services such as primary health, primary education, rural shelter, rural drinking water and rural electrification.