Explain the process glycolysis briefly.

Glycolysis is the step- wise process by which one molecule of glucose breaks down into two molecules of pyruvic acid. Glycolysis was give by Gustav Embden, Otto Mayer and J. Parnas and is often referred as the EMP pathway. Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell.
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Glycolysis, part of cellular respiration, is a series of reactions that constitute the first phase of most carbohydrate catabolism, catabolism meaning the breaking down of larger molecules into smaller ones. The word glycolysis is derived from two Greek words and means the breakdown of something sweet. Glycolysis breaks down glucose and forms pyruvate with the production of two molecules of ATP. The pyruvate end product of glycolysis can be used in either anaerobic respiration if no oxygen is available or in aerobic respiration via the TCA cycle which yields much more usable energy for the cell.
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