Explain why high frequency carrier waves are needed for effective transmission of signals?
@ IMPRACTICAL LENGHT OF ANTENNA :
For the effective transmission of an EM wave the lenght of the antenna should be comparable with the wavelenght of the wave. The minimum lenght required for the antenna is l = wavelenhght/4. For a small frequency signal we need to use a very high antenna which is impractical.
@ LOW OPERATING RANGE :
For low frequency signals the energy of radiation is low. [Power radiated is proportional to (l/wavelenght)raised to 2 ] So it is attenuated with in short distance.
@ OVERLAPPING OF DIFFERENT CHANNELS:
If low frequency signals are transmitted simultaneously from diff transmitting stations there will be overlapping and intererence between signals. All will mixed up & there will be no way to distinguish them.
FOR THESE REASONS FOR LONG DISTANCE AND EFFECTIVE TRANSMISSION MODULATION[high frequency carrier wave ] IS NECESSARY.