For any positive integer n prove that n3-n is divisible by 6

 Here is the answer to question.

 
n 3 – n = n (n 2 – 1) = n (n –1)( n + 1).
 
Whenever a number is divided by 3, the remainder obtained is either 0 or 1 or 2.
∴ n = 3p or 3p + 1 or 3p + 2, where p is some integer.
If n = 3p, then n is divisible by 3.
If n = 3p + 1, then n – 1 = 3p + 1 –1 = 3p is divisible by 3.
If n = 3p + 2, then n + 1 = 3p + 2 + 1 = 3p + 3 = 3(p + 1) is divisible by 3.
So, we can say that one of the numbers among nn – 1 and n + 1 is always divisible by 3.
⇒ n (n – 1) (n + 1) is divisible by 3.
 
Similarly, whenever a number is divided 2, the remainder obtained is 0 or 1.
∴ n = 2q or 2q + 1, where q is some integer.
If n = 2q, then n is divisible by 2.
If n = 2q + 1, then n – 1 = 2q + 1 – 1 = 2q is divisible by 2 and n + 1 = 2q + 1 + 1 = 2q + 2 = 2 (q + 1) is divisible by 2.
So, we can say that one of the numbers among nn – 1 and n + 1 is always divisible by 2.
⇒ n (n – 1) (n + 1) is divisible by 2.
Since, n (n – 1) (n + 1) is divisible by 2 and 3.
∴ n (n – 1) (n + 1) = n 3 – n is divisible by 6. (If a number is divisible by both 2 and 3, then it is divisible by 6)

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