Had you rather Caesar were living and die all slaves ,
Than that Caesar were dead , to live all free men .
a) Who is speaking to whom ?
b) How did he justify his action ?
c) What does ' rather ' mean here ?

a. Brutus is speaking to the Roman public in these lines.

b. The above remark is to justify the killing of Julius Caesar by the conspirators. This remark simply states that if Caesar lived, then the Romans would become slaves but if he is killed, the Romans will live a free life. Brutus justified his action of killing Caesar by trying to prove that he was ambitious and did not care for Rome or Romans!

c. 'Rather' means 'prefer' in these lines.

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