Hello i have a doubt in splitting of middle terms 
for example take 3x+13x+4
=3x2+12x+x+4
= 3x(x+4) + 1(x+4)

how did we get 3x(x+4) and 1(x+4)???

Solution
To factorize any polynomial,

Step (1) : Multiply the quadratic term and constant term.

Step (2) : then write all the factors of result in pairs, which you get in step (1).

Step (3) : from all the factors, find the pair that adds to produce the coefficient of linear term.

Step (4) : Break up the linear terms into two terms, which you get in step (3).

Step (5) : Group the four terms into two sets.

Step (6) : find the H.C.F. from each set and factor it out.

For Example : 3x+ 13x + 4
(1) 3x× 4 = 12x2
(2) 1x and 12x 
(3) + x + 12x = 13x, linear term is 13x and we will take x and 12x
(4) 3x+ x + 12x + 4 or 3x+ 12x + x + 4
(5) (3x2 + x) + (12x + 4)   or (3x+ 12x) + (x + 4)
​​​​​​(6) x(3x + 1) + 4(3x + 1)   or 3x(x + 4) + 1(x + 4)
    = (x + 4)(3x + 1)             or (3x + 1)(x + 4)

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