how can budgetary policy be used to for reducing inequalities in income and welath?

The government through its budgetary policy attempts to promote fair and right distribution of income in an economy. This is done through taxation and expenditure policy. On one hand, through its taxation policy, the government taxes the higher income group and on the other hand, through the expenditure policy (subsidies, transfer payments, etc.), it transfers the purchasing power in the hands of the poor sections of society. With the help of these policies, the government aims at fair distribution of income in the society. 

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increasing taxes on higher income groups and distributins those taxes as subsidies , transfer payments to poor sections of society

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