How does planning fill the gap between actual state of affairs and desired state of affairs
Planning states in advance what is to be done and how it needs to be done. It defines the organisational goals and objectives that are to be achieved. And these goals and objectives as stated in the plan gives direction to the managers about what course of action is to be followed for achieving them. It is in this sense that planning helps to bridge the gap between the actual state of affairs and the desired state of affairs. That is, by providing clarity in thoughts, planning ensures that the right action is taken in the right direction for the achievement of the desired objectives. By providing a well drawn path for the rest of the management functions such as organising, staffing, directing and controlling, planning ensures that the targets are being met on time. Thereby helping the managers to overcome the gap between the actual state and the desired future state of the organisation.