how is biodiversity useful to modern agriculture?
Biodiversity means the variability among living organisms existing at all levels of biological organization ranging from macromolecules within the cells to biomes. It includes diversity within the species, between the species and of the ecosystems.
The organisms living inside the soil like microbes, earthworm etc. increase the soil fertility which help in agriculture.
- Insects and birds help in pollination and dispersal of seeds.
- Some beneficial insects act as pesticides in agricultural fields by consuming pests
- Biodiversity controls rainfall and soil erosion which are most necessary for agriculture.