how to do this question = ( 12% of the employees in a factory are females and the number of male employees is 264. find the total number of employees. also , find the number of female employees.) 

12%of the employees is female
no. of males = 264
% of males = 100% - 12% = 88%
let the total number of employees be x
[88/100]x = 264
88x = 264*100
       = 26400
x = 26400/88
    =300 [ by cancellation method]
the total number  of employees = 300
number of female employees = 12/100* 300
                                            =  36 or  300 - 264 = 36
number of female employees = 36

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