How to find out subject, verb, adjective, prepositon, object, and article from a given sentence ?
In order to identify subject, verb, adjective, preposition, object and article in a sentence, you first need to understand clearly what these are.
A verb is a word that tells us about an action or the state of a person or thing.
An adjective is a word that describes or qualifies a noun or a pronoun.
A preposition is a word that is used before a noun or a pronoun to denote its relation with something else.
A subject is what a sentence talks about.
An object is that which affected by the action of a verb within a sentence.
Articles are used to indicate whether a noun is specific or not. There are three articles in English: 'an', 'an' and 'the'.
Let us take an example.
"The cat is sitting under the dining table."
In this sentence, the subject is 'the cat' since it is what the sentence talks about. The object is 'the dining table'. There must not be any difficulty in identifying the articles. The preposition is 'under' since it indicates the relation of the noun 'the dining table' with the cat that is sitting. The adjective in the sentence is 'dining' as it modifies or adds meaning to the noun 'table'.
Hope this helps!