i did not understand.


Let us understand the concept of reported speech clearer here:

We may report the words of a speaker in two ways- We can either quote his actual words which would then be called direct speech.

For instance,

  • Ethan said, “I am very busy right now.”

  • Farhan asked, “Why didn't you come?”

    We may also report what he said without quoting his exact words.

    For instance,

  • Ethan said that he was very busy then;

  • Farhan asked why I didn't go.

While changing the voice, few rules need to be taken into consideration such as:

  • A simple present becomes a simple past;

  • A present continuous becomes a past continuous;

  • A present perfect becomes a past perfect

For instance,

  • She said, “I don't want to go.” becomes She said that she didn't want to go.

  • She said, “I am not going.” becomes She said that she wasn't going.

  • She said, “I didn't go.” becomes She said that she hadn't gone.

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